Haoreima

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Haoreima
(Old Manipuri: Haoleima)
Goddess of diseases, illnesses, souls and spirits[1]
Member of Lairembis
HAOREIMA STATUE.jpg
Statue of goddess Haoreima in a shrine in the Kakching Garden
Other namesHaoleima, Haoleipi, Haoreibi, Haonupi, Haonubi, Hauleima, Haureima, Hauleipi, Haureibi, Haunupi, Haunubi
AffiliationMeitei mythology (Manipuri mythology) and Meitei religion (Sanamahism)
Major cult centerKakching
AbodeKakching
ArtifactsBaskets
SymbolBaskets
GenderFemale
RegionAncient Kangleipak (Antique Manipur)
Ethnic groupMeitei ethnicity
FestivalsLai Haraoba

Haoreima (Meitei: ꯍꯥꯎꯔꯩꯃ) or Haoleima (Old Manipuri: ꯍꯥꯎꯂꯩꯃ) (literally, "tribal lady"[2]) is a goddess in Meitei mythology and religion of Ancient Kangleipak (Antique Manipur).[1][3] She was a woman from the hills. She was killed while arranging to meet her lover. She turned into a tortured spirit. She is regarded as an incarnation of Goddess Panthoibi.[4] She is also identified with goddess Nongthang Leima.[5]

Etymology[change | change source]

The name "Haoleima" written in archaic Meetei Mayek abugida

In Meitei language (Manipuri language), the name "Haoreima" is derived from "Haoleima". "Haoleima" is made up of two component words, "Hao" and "Leima".[2] In Meitei language (Manipuri language), "Hao" has multiple meanings. It may mean (1) yes (the response), (2) tasty, savoury or (3) tribe.[6] Here, "Hao" means a "tribe". In Meitei language (Manipuri language), "Leima" means a queen or a mistress or a lady.[7] The name "Haoreima" usually refers to a tribal woman carrying a traditional elongated basket ("sam" or "sham").[2]

Namesakes[change | change source]

There are many people with the name "Haoreima" in the history of Ancient Kangleipak (Antique Manipur).

Haoreima Tamheibee- Khuman Princess and Meitei Queen[change | change source]

Haoreima Tamheibee was the daughter of King Atom Nongyai Thingkol Hanba of the Khuman dynasty.[8][9] She was married to Meitei King Kainou Irengba (984 AD-1074 AD).[10][9] After the marriage, she came to be known as "Meitei Leima" (lit. Meitei Queen).[11][9]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Brahmacharimayum Kulachandra Sharma. চৈথারোল কুমপাপা (in Manipuri). p. 603.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Moirangthem Kirti (1988). Religion and Culture of Manipur. Manas Publications. ISBN 978-81-7049-021-0.
  3. Memchoubi (1998). Eigee Palem Nungshibee (in Manipuri). p. 17.
  4. Shekhawat, Seema; Re, Emanuela C. Del (2017-12-18). Women and Borders: Refugees, Migrants and Communities. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 227. ISBN 978-1-83860-987-0.
  5. Brahmacharimayum Kulachandra Sharma. চৈথারোল কুমপাপা (in Manipuri). p. 403.
  6. "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Hao". uchicago.edu. 2006.
  7. "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Leima". uchicago.edu. 2006.
  8. Tensuba, Keerti Chand (1993). Genesis of Indian Tribes: An Approach to the History of Meiteis and Thais. Inter-India Publications. ISBN 978-81-210-0308-7.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Brahmacharimayum Kulachandra Sharma. চৈথারোল কুমপাপা (in Manipuri). p. 597.
  10. Ray, Asok Kumar; Chakraborty, Satyabrata (2008). Society, Politics, and Development in North East India: Essays in Memory of Dr. Basudeb Datta Ray. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 978-81-8069-572-8.
  11. Devi, L. Kunjeswori (2003). Archaeology in Manipur. Rajesh Publications. ISBN 978-81-85891-18-7.

Other websites[change | change source]