Happy Birthday to You

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Happy Birthday to You", more commonly known as simply "Happy Birthday", is a song that is traditionally sung to celebrate a birthday. According to the 1998 Guinness World Records, "Happy Birthday to You" is the most recognized song in the English language. The song's base lyrics have been translated into at least 18 languages.

The melody of "Happy Birthday to You" comes from the song "Good Morning to All",[1] which has traditionally been attributed to American sisters Patty and Mildred J. Hill in 1893,[2][3] although the claim that the sisters composed the tune is disputed.[4]

The song is in the public domain in the United States and the European Union. Warner Chappell Music had said they had the copyright on the song in the US and collected money for its use. In 2015, the copyright claim was declared invalid and Warner Chappell agreed to pay back $14 million in licensing fees. The copyright ended in the European Union on January 1, 2017.[5]

Lyrics with melody[change | change source]

\relative c' { \key f \major \time 3/4 \partial 4 c8. c16 | d4 c f | e2 c8. c16 | d4 c g' | f2 c8. c16 | c'4 a f | e( d) bes'8. bes16 | a4 f g | f2 \bar "|." } \addlyrics { Hap -- py birth -- day to you, Hap -- py birth -- day to you, Hap -- py birth -- day dear [NAME], __ Hap -- py birth -- day to you. }

References[change | change source]

  1. Hill, Mildred J.; Hill, Patty S. (1896). "Good Morning to All". Song Stories for the Kindergarten. Illustrations by Margaret Byers; With an introduction by Anna E. Bryan (New, Revised, Illustrated and Enlarged ed.). Chicago: Clayton F. Summy Co. p. 3.
  2. Collins, Paul (July 21, 2011). "You Say It's Your Birthday. Does the Infamous 'Happy Birthday to You' Copyright Hold up to Scrutiny?". Slate. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
  3. Originally published in Song Stories for the Kindergarten. Chicago: Clayton E. Summy Co. 1896. as cited by Snyder, Agnes (1972). Dauntless Women in Childhood Education, 1856–1931. Washington, D.C.: Association for Childhood Education International. p. 244.
  4. Masnick, Mike (June 13, 2013). "Lawsuit Filed to Prove Happy Birthday Is in The Public Domain; Demands Warner Pay Back Millions of License Fees". Techdirt.
  5. Balme, Charlie (22 December 2015). "US Happy Birthday copyright case settles after protracted legal battle". Marks & Clerk. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.