Hassan Rouhani

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hassan Rouhani
حسن روحانی

Hassan Rouhani 2020.jpg
Hassan Rouhani
7th President of Iran
Assumed office
3 August 2013
Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
Preceded byMahmoud Ahmadinejad
Succeeded byEbrahim Raisi (elect)
Secretary of Supreme National Security Council
In office
14 October 1989 – 15 August 2005
PresidentAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Khatami
DeputyHossein Mousavian
Succeeded byAli Larijani
President of Center for Strategic Research
Assumed office
1 August 1992
Preceded byMohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha
Succeeded byTBD
Member of Assembly of Experts
Assumed office
18 February 2000
ConstituencySemnan (3rd assembly)
Tehran (4th assembly)
Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1992 – 26 May 2000
Preceded byBehzad Nabavi
Succeeded byMohammad-Reza Khatami
Member of Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980 – 26 May 2000
ConstituencySemnan (1st term)
Tehran (2nd, 3rd, 4th & 5th terms)
Personal details
Hassan Feridon (حسن فریدون)

(1948-11-12) 12 November 1948 (age 72)
Sorkheh, Semnan, Iran
Political partyCombatant Clergy Association
Other political
Islamic Republican Party
Alma materGlasgow Caledonian University
University of Tehran
WebsiteOfficial website

Hassan Rouhani (Persian: ‌حسن روحانی‎, also transliterated Ruhani, Rohani, Rowhani; born Hassan Feridon ‌حسن فریدون on 12 November 1948) is an Iranian politician, Mujtahid,[2] lawyer,[3] academic and diplomat, who is currently the President of Iran. He has been a member of the Assembly of Experts since 1999,[4] member of the Expediency Council since 1991,[5] member of the Supreme National Security Council since 1989,[6] and head of the Center for Strategic Research since 1992.[7]

Rouhani has been also deputy speaker of the 4th and 5th terms of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis) and secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 1989 to 2005.[7] In the later capacity, he was also heading Iran's former nuclear negotiating team and was the country's top negotiator with the EU three – UK, France, and Germany – on Iran's nuclear program.[8]:138

On 7 May 2013, Rouhani registered for the presidential election that was held on 14 June 2013.[9][10] He said that, if elected, he will prepare a "civil rights charter", restore the economy and improve rocky relations with the West.[11][12][13] As early vote counts began coming in, Rouhani took a large lead.[14] He was elected as President of Iran on 15 June, defeating Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf.[15][16] He took office on 3 August 2013.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Members of Combatant Clergy Association". Combatant Clergy Association. Archived from the original on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  2. Iran’s Presidential Election Heats up as Reformist Rowhani Enters Race, Farhang Jahanpour, Informed Comment, 12 April 2013, Juan Cole
  3. Rouhani, Hassan (2008). Memoirs of Hassan Rouhani; Vol. 1: The Islamic Revolution (in Persian). Tehran, Iran: Center for Strategic Research. ISBN 978-600-5914-80-1.
  4. "Members of Assembly of Experts". Assembly of Experts. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  5. "Two new members appointed to the Expediency Discernment Council". The Office of the Supreme Leader. 8 May 1991.
  6. "Hassan Rouhani appointed as the Supreme Leader's representative to the SNSC". The Office of the Supreme Leader. 13 November 1989.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Hassan Rouhani's Résumé". CSR. 11 April 2013. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  8. Rouhani, Hassan (2011). National Security and Nuclear Diplomacy (in Persian). Tehran, Iran: Center for Strategic Research. ISBN 978-600-290-007-4.
  9. "Iran's former nuclear negotiator registers for presidential campaign". People's Daily. 7 May 2013.
  10. "Iran opens registration for presidential race with ruling clerics holding strong hand". The Washington Post. 7 May 2013.
  11. "Former nuclear negotiator joins Iran's presidential race". Reuters. 11 April 2013. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  12. "Iran presidential candidate vows 'constructive' outreach to West if elected". The Washington Post. 11 April 2013.
  13. "Expediency Council member Rohani to run for president". Press TV. 11 April 2013.
  14. "Hassan Rouhani leads Iran presidential election vote count". BBC News. 15 June 2013.
  15. "Hassan Rouhani wins Iran presidential election". BBC News. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
  16. Fassihi, Farnaz (15 June 2013). "Moderate Candidate Wins Iran's Presidential Vote". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 June 2013.