Hastings Kamuzu Banda
|1st President of Malawi|
6 July 1966 – 24 May 1994
|Preceded by||Elizabeth II |
as Queen of Malawi
|Succeeded by||Bakili Muluzi|
|Prime Minister of Malawi|
6 July 1964 – 6 July 1966
|Governor-General||Sir Glyn Smallwood Jones|
|Preceded by||Post created|
|Succeeded by||Himself as President|
|Born||15 February 1898|
Kasungu, British Central Africa Protectorate
|Died||25 November 1997 (aged 99)|
|Political party||Malawi Congress Party|
Education[change | change source]
Banda attended school in the United States. In 1928 he graduated from the school that is now Central State University in Ohio. Next he attended Indiana University as a premedical student. After four semesters he transferred to the University of Chicago. He graduated in 1931. Banda then studied medicine at Meharry Medical College in Tennessee.
Banda was required to get a second medical degree in order to practice medicine in the British Empire. He attended the University of Edinburgh. Between 1941 and 1945, he worked as a doctor in North Shields.
Malawi[change | change source]
Banda was against the efforts of Sir Roy Welensky. Welensky wanted to form a federation between Southern and Northern Rhodesia with Nyasaland (Malawi).
In 1951 he moved to the Gold Coast in West Africa. Banda finally returned to Nyasaland on 6 July 1958. In August he was named as the leader of the Congress. He spoke against colonialism and for independence. In 1963, he was formally made Nyasaland’s prime minister. On 6 July 1964, Nyasaland became the independent Commonwealth of Malawi. When he swept to power as the first President of Malawi in 1966 he called himself "Ngwazi", which means conqueror, and after a few years declared himself "Life President".
References[change | change source]
- "Hastings Kamuzu Banda". Britannica. Retrieved 12 December 2013.