Haute-Loire

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Haute-Loire
Department
Flag of Haute-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Loire in France
Location of Haute-Loire in France
Coordinates: 45°0′N 4°0′E / 45.000°N 4.000°E / 45.000; 4.000Coordinates: 45°0′N 4°0′E / 45.000°N 4.000°E / 45.000; 4.000
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Le Puy-en-Velay
Subprefectures Brioude, Yssingeaux
Government
 • President Jean-Pierre Marcon[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 4,977.1 km2 (1,921.7 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 226,565
 • Density 45.5215/km2 (117.9001/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Altiligériens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-43
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 257
Website www.hauteloire.fr

Haute-Loire (Occitan: Naut Léger) is a département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-central France. It is named after the Loire river.

History[change | change source]

The department of Haute-Loire was created on 4 March 1790 with three districts: Le Puy, Brioude and Yssingeaux. The capital was Le Puy.[4] The new department was formed with territories of three historic provinces: the Languedoc, the Auvergne and the Lyonnais.[5]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the three districts were changed into three arrondissements: Le Puy, Brioude and Yssingeaux.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Yssingeaux was eliminated but became again an arrondissement in 1942.[4]

On 18 March 1988, the name of Le Puy was changed to Le Puy-en-Velay.

Geography[change | change source]

The Haute-Loire is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 4,977.1 km2 (1,922 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by 5 departments in 2 regions:

The highest point in the department is Mont Mézenc (44°54′40″N 04°11′27″E / 44.91111°N 4.19083°E / 44.91111; 4.19083 (Mont Mézenc)); it is 1,753 m (5,751 ft) high.[6]It is in the southeast of the department, on the border with the Ardèche department.

The main rivers in Haute-Loire are:

  • Loire, that flows through the eastern part of the department and ends in the Atlantic Ocean. Its Drainage basin covers two-thirds of the eastern part of the department.
  • Allier, a tributary of the Loire that flows through the western part of the department.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Le Puy-en-Velay is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[7]

Administration[change | change source]

Haute-Loire is managed by the Departmental Council of Haute-Loire in Le Puy-en-Velay. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 257 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Loire.[8]

Arrondissements of the Haute-Loire
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[9]
(2014)
Area[10]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
431 Brioude Brioude 45,848 1,886.8 24.3 111
432 Le Puy-en-Velay Le Puy-en-Velay 96,041 1,930.7 49.7 102
433 Yssingeaux Yssingeaux 84,676 1,159.7 73.0 44

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Haute-Loire department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[11]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Haute-Loire are known, in French, as Altiligériens (women: Altiligériennes).[12]

Haute-Loire had a population, in 2014, of 226,565,[3] for a population density of 45.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Le Puy-en-Velay, with 96,041 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[9]

Evolution of the population in Haute-Loire

The communes in the department with more inhabitants are:[9]

City Population
(2014)[9]
Arrondissement
Le Puy-en-Velay 18,634 Le Puy-en-Velay
Monistrol-sur-Loire 8,808 Yssingeaux
Yssingeaux 7,105 Yssingeaux
Brioude 6,700 Brioude
Aurec-sur-Loire 6,035 Yssingeaux
Sainte-Sigolène 5,952 Yssingeaux
Bas-en-Basset 4,314 Yssingeaux
Brives-Charensac 4,153 Le Puy-en-Velay
Saint-Just-Malmon 4,153 Yssingeaux
Langeac 3,758 Brioude

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Président". Haute-Loire, le Département. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Haute-Loire (43)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de la Haute-Loire". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  5. "Histoire des départements". Haute-Loire, le Département. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  6. "Mont Mézenc, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  7. "Ville du Puy-en-Velay" (in French). Annuaire des Mairies et Villes de France. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  8. "Département de la Haute-Loire (43)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  10. "Département de la Haute-Loire (43) et Arrondissements". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  11. "Décret n° 2014-162 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Haute-Loire" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  12. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Loire (07)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 

Other websites[change | change source]