Haute-Savoie

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Upper Savoy
Haute-Savoie
Department
Prefecture building of the Haute-Savoie department, in Annecy
Prefecture building of the Haute-Savoie department, in Annecy
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Savoie in France
Location of Haute-Savoie in France
Coordinates: 46°00′N 06°20′E / 46.000°N 6.333°E / 46.000; 6.333Coordinates: 46°00′N 06°20′E / 46.000°N 6.333°E / 46.000; 6.333
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 1860
Prefecture Annecy
Subprefectures Bonneville, Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, Thonon-les-Bains
Government
 • President Christian Montei[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 4,387.8 km2 (1,694.1 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 783,127
 • Density 178.4783/km2 (462.257/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Haut-Savoyards
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-74
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 17
Communes 281
Website www.hautesavoie.fr

Haute-Savoie is a département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy.

Name[change | change source]

Before 1860, the territory of the modern Haute-Savoie and Savoie departments had been part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, as a Duchy, since 1713. Annexation of the region by France was made in 1860. In that year, the Emperor Napoléon III divided the territory in two departments: Savoie, to the south, with the city of Chambéry, and Haute-Savoie, to the north, with the city of Annecy.

Haute ("High") in the name Haute-Savoie is not because of the altitude but because of its position, to the north, in the territory.

History[change | change source]

The department of Haute-Savoie was created in 1860 from the northern part of the Duchy of Sardinia with four arrondissements: Annecy, Bonneville, Saint-Julien and Thonon. The capital was Annecy.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Saint-Julien was eliminated but became again an arrondissement in 1933.[4]

During World War II, the department was occupied by the fascist Italy, from November 1942 to September 1943.

Geography[change | change source]

The Haute-Savoie is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 4,387.8 km2 (1,694 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with the Ain and Savoie departments, both in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, and with Switzerland and Italy.

In the territory of the department is a part of the Mont Blanc massif, on the border with Italy. The average altitude of the department is of about 1,160 m (3,810 ft). The highest point in the department is Mont Blanc (45°49′58″N 6°51′53″E / 45.83278°N 6.86472°E / 45.83278; 6.86472 (Mont Blanc); it is 4,810 m (15,781 ft) high, the highest point of France, Italy and of Western Europe.[5]

The Haute-Savoie department is within the watershed of the Rhône river but with short rivers. There are two important lakes in the department: the Lake Geneva, shared with Switzerland, and the Lake Annecy.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Annecy is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

Administration[change | change source]

Haute-Savoie is managed by the Departmental Council of Haute-Savoie in Annecy. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 281 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Savoie.[7]

Arrondissements of the Haute-Savoie
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
741 Annecy Annecy 276,382 1,261.6 219.1 80
742 Bonneville Bonneville 184,093 1,558.2 118.1 61
743 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois Saint-Julien-en-Genevois 180,562 660.3 273.5 72
744 Thonon-les-Bains Thonon-les-Bains 142,090 907.7 156.5 68

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Haute-Savoie department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Annecy-1 (7401)
  2. Annecy-2 (7402)
  3. Annecy-le-Vieux (7403)
  4. Annemasse (7404)
  5. Bonneville (7405)
  6. Cluses (7406)
  7. Évian-les-Bains (7407)
  8. Faverges (7408)
  9. Gaillard (7409)
  10. Le Mont-Blanc (7410)
  11. La Roche-sur-Foron (7411)
  12. Rumilly (7412)
  13. Saint-Julien-en-Genevois (7413)
  14. Sallanches (7414)
  15. Sciez (7415)
  16. Seynod (7416)
  17. Thonon-les-Bains (7417)

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Haute-Savoie are known, in French, as Haut-Savoyards (women: Haut-Savoyardes).[11]

Haute-Savoie had a population, in 2014, of 783,127,[3] for a population density of 178.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Annecy, with 276,382 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Haute-Savoie

The communes in the department with more inhabitants are:

City Population
(2014)[8]
Arrondissement
Annecy 53,285 Annecy
Thonon-les-Bains 34,973 Thonon-les-Bains
Annemasse 34,953 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois
Seynod 20,955 Annecy
Annecy-le-Vieux 20,469 Annecy
Cluses 17,510 Bonneville
Cran-Gevrier 17,257 Annecy
Sallanches 15,754 Bonneville
Rumilly 14,836 Annecy
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois 13,253 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Commission Permanente". Département de la Haute-Savoie. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Haute-Savoie". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  5. "Mont Blanc, France/Italy". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  6. "Ville de Annecy" (in French). Annuaire des Mairies et Villes de France. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  7. "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  9. "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)) et Arrondissements". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-153 du 13 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Haute-Savoie" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  11. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Savoie" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 

Other websites[change | change source]