Head of the Commonwealth

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Head of the Commonwealth
Prince Charles in Aotearoa (cropped).jpg
Charles III

since 8 September 2022
SeatMarlborough House, London
AppointerCommonwealth heads of government
Term lengthLife
Inaugural holderGeorge VI
Formation28 April 1949; 73 years ago (1949-04-28)

The head of the Commonwealth is the ceremonial leader of the Commonwealth of Nations, an intergovernmental organisation that is made up of 56 sovereign states.[1]

Background[change | change source]

In 1949, King George VI was king of each of the countries that then made-up the British Commonwealth (later the Commonwealth of Nations): the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, and Ceylon.

The London Declaration, which was made in late April 1949,[2][3][4][5] said that the King, as the symbol of the countries of the Commonwealth, was the head of the Commonwealth.

List of heads[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name Birth Term Death
Start End Duration
1 Georg VI England.jpg George VI 14 December 1895 26/28 April 1949[n 1] 6 February 1952 2 years, 284 days 6 February 1952
2 The Queen of New Zealand, 1986.jpg Elizabeth II 21 April 1926 6 February 1952 8 September 2022 70 years, 214 days 8 September 2022
3 2019 Reunião Bilateral com o Príncipe Charles - 48848389972 (cropped).jpg Charles III 14 November 1948 8 September 2022 Incumbent 197 days Living

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Based on the London Declaration.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. "About the commonwealth". www.gov.uk. The Foreign and Commonwealth office, UK. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 London Declaration 1949 (PDF), Commonwealth Secretariat, archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2012, retrieved 2 April 2013
  3. S. A. de Smith (1949), "The London Declaration of the Commonwealth Prime Ministers, April 28, 1949", The Modern Law Review, Wiley on behalf of the Modern Law Review, 12 (3): 351–354, doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.1949.tb00131.x, JSTOR 1090506
  4. Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History, Dorling Kindersley Limited, 2016, p. 118, ISBN 9780241296653
  5. "MEETING of PRIME MINISTERS, APRIL, 1949 Text of Final Communique Issued at the Conclusion of the Meeting of Prime Ministers Held at London from 22 to 27 April, 1949, Together with Press Statement by the Right Hon. P. Fraser London, 28 April, 1949". Papers Past. Retrieved 6 September 2021.