Helmand River

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Helmand River
Helmand River drainage basin
Map of the Helmand River drainage basin
Helmand River drainage basin
Map of the Helmand River drainage basin
Location
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationHindu Kush mountains
Mouth 
 - locationLake Hamun
Length1,150 km (710 mi)
Basin sizeSistan Basin
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftArghandab River
 - rightKhash River
Chagay River

The Helmand River (also spelled Helmend, Helmund, Hirmand; Pashto/Persian: هیرمند, هلمند Hīrmand, Helmand, Greek: Ἐτύμανδρος (Etýmandros), Latin: Erymandrus) is the longest river in Afghanistan.[1] The name means "dammed, having a dam". Helmand Province is named after the river.

The Helmand river stretches for 1,150 km (710 mi). It rises in the Hindu Kush mountains, about 80 km (50 mi) west of Kabul (34°34′N 68°33′E / 34.567°N 68.550°E / 34.567; 68.550), passing north of the Unai Pass. It crosses south-west through the desert of Dashti Margo, to the Seistan marshes and the Hamun-i-Helmand lake region around Zabol at the Afghan-Iranian border (31°9′N 61°33′E / 31.150°N 61.550°E / 31.150; 61.550).

References[change | change source]

  1. "History of Environmental Change in the Sistan Basin 1976 - 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-07-20.