Helsinki

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Helsinki
Helsinki – Helsingfors
City
Helsingin kaupunki
Helsingfors stad
City of Helsinki
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Headquarters of Sanoma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Headquarters of Sanoma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Coat of arms of Helsinki
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Stadi, Hesa[1]
Location in the Uusimaa region and the Helsinki sub-region
Location in the Uusimaa region and the Helsinki sub-region
Coordinates: 60°10′15″N 024°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.9375°E / 60.17083; 24.9375Coordinates: 60°10′15″N 024°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.9375°E / 60.17083; 24.9375
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Charter 1550
Capital city 1812
Area (2009)
 • Total 715.55 km2 (276.28 sq mi)
 • Land 213 km2 (82 sq mi)
 • Water 502.55 km2 (194.04 sq mi)
Area rank 167th largest in Finland
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 610,601
 • Rank Largest in Finland
 • Density 2,866.67/km2 (7,424.6/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.hel.fi
Skyline
Downtown Helsinki

Helsinki (Swedish: Helsingfors) is the capital city of Finland. Helsinki is the largest city in Finland. 604,380(31.12.2012) people live in Helsinki, and 1,360,000 live in the Helsinki metropolitan area.

Helsinki is in the south of Finland, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland. City is in the Uusimaa region. When one looks from Helsinki, Tallinn is on the opposite side of the sea, but it is too far away to see. A poetic name for Helsinki is "the daughter of the Baltic Sea".

History[change | change source]

In 1550, Swedish king Gustav Vasa commanded people to build a new city and move there. His idea was to build a new place to trade, which would be more popular than Tallinn. The idea did not work well, and many people returned from Helsinki to their homes. Later Sweden built the fortress Suomenlinna in Helsinki. After Russia had taken Finland from Sweden in several wars, they started developing Helsinki. Helsinki became the capital of autonomous province of Finland. When Finland became independent in 1917, Helsinki stayed as the capital city.

Geography[change | change source]

Helsinki spreads around several bays and over several islands. Some famous islands include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari and Korkeasaari - which is also the country's biggest zoo - as well as the fortress island of Suomenlinna (Sveaborg).

Gallery[change | change source]

G.W. Sundmans Krog, a restaurant
G.W. Sundmans Krog, a restaurant  
Silja Symphony in the South Harbor of Helsinki
Silja Symphony in the South Harbor of Helsinki  

References[change | change source]

  1. Ainiala, Terhi (2009). "Place Names in the Construction of Social Identities: The Uses of Names of Helsinki". Research Institute for the Languages of Finland. http://yorkspace.library.yorku.ca/xmlui/handle/10315/2924. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  2. "Väestötietojärjestelmä Rekisteritilanne 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. http://vrk.fi/default.aspx?docid=7675&site=3&id=0. Retrieved 15 September 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]