Helsinki – Helsingfors
City of Helsinki
|Nickname(s): Stadi, Hesa|
Location in the Uusimaa region and the Helsinki sub-region
|• Total||214.21 km2 (82.71 sq mi)|
|• Land||213.75 km2 (82.53 sq mi)|
|• Water||502.55 km2 (194.04 sq mi)|
|Area rank||258th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||Largest in Finland|
|• Density||3,003.72/km2 (7,779.6/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||84.3% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||13.7%|
|• 15 to 64||72%|
|• 65 or older||14.3%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||18.5%|
Helsinki (Swedish: Helsingfors) is the capital city of Finland. Helsinki is the largest city in Finland. 604,380(31.12.2012) people live in Helsinki, and 1,360,000 live in the Helsinki metropolitan area.
Helsinki is in the south of Finland, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland. City is in the Uusimaa region. When one looks from Helsinki, Tallinn is on the opposite side of the sea, but it is too far away to see. A poetic name for Helsinki is "the daughter of the Baltic Sea".
History[change | change source]
In 1550, Swedish king Gustav Vasa commanded people to build a new city and move there. His idea was to build a new place to trade, which would be more popular than Tallinn. The idea did not work well, and many people returned from Helsinki to their homes. Later Sweden built the fortress Suomenlinna in Helsinki. After Russia had taken Finland from Sweden in several wars, they started developing Helsinki. Helsinki became the capital of autonomous province of Finland. When Finland became independent in 1917, Helsinki stayed as the capital city.
Geography[change | change source]
Helsinki spreads around several bays and over several islands. Some famous islands include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari and Korkeasaari - which is also the country's biggest zoo - as well as the fortress island of Suomenlinna (Sveaborg).
Transport[change | change source]
The public transportation network in Helsinki and its area consists of buses, metro, trams, commuter trains and ferries to the island of Suomenlinna.
Helsinki Airport is located about 20 kilometers north of Helsinki city center. Regardless its name, the airport is located in the city of Vantaa. The airport offers both domestic flights within Finland and international flights to Europe, Asia and Northern America.
Gallery[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Ainiala, Terhi (2009). "Place Names in the Construction of Social Identities: The Uses of Names of Helsinki". Research Institute for the Languages of Finland. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helsinki.|
- City of Helsinki web site - English version
- City portal of Helsinki - English version
- Finland Travel Community
- WorldFlicks in Helsinki: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps