Nobel prize medal.svg

Herbert A. Simon

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Herbert A. Simon
Herbert simon red cropped.jpg
Born
Herbert Alexander Simon

(1916-06-15)June 15, 1916
DiedFebruary 9, 2001(2001-02-09) (aged 84)
CitizenshipUnited States
EducationUniversity of Chicago
(B.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1943)
Known forBounded rationality
Satisficing
Information Processing Language
Logic Theorist
General Problem Solver
Spouse(s)
Dorothea Isabel Pye[1] (m. 1939)
Children3
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsEconomics
Artificial intelligence
Computer science
Political science
InstitutionsCarnegie Mellon University
Doctoral advisorHenry Schultz
Other academic advisorsRudolf Carnap
Nicholas Rashevsky
Harold Lasswell
Charles Merriam[2]
John R. Commons[3]
Doctoral studentsEdward Feigenbaum
Allen Newell
Richard Waldinger[4]
John Muth
William F. Pounds
InfluencesRichard T. Ely, John R. Commons, Henry George, Chester Barnard, Charles Merriam, Yuji Ijiri, William W. Cooper, Richard Cyert, James G. March
InfluencedDaniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, Gerd Gigerenzer, James March, Allen Newell, Philip E. Tetlock, Richard Thaler, John Muth, Oliver E. Williamson, Massimo Egidi, Vela Velupillai, Ha Joon Chang, William C. Wimsatt, Alok Bhargava, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Yuji Ijiri, William W. Cooper, Richard Cyert, James G. March

Herbert Alexander Simon (June 15, 1916 – February 9, 2001) was an American economist, political scientist and cognitive psychologist. He was best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing".[5] He won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1978 and the Turing Award in 1975.[6][7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Dorothea Simon Obituary - Pittsburgh, PA - Post-Gazette.com". Post-Gazette.com. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  2. Herbert Simon, "Autobiography", in Nobel Lectures, Economics 1969–1980, Editor Assar Lindbeck, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1992.
  3. Forest, Joelle, "John R. Commons and Herbert A. Simon on the Concept of Rationality", Journal of Economic Issues Vol. XXXV, 3 (2001), pp. 591–605
  4. "Herbert Alexander Simon". AI Genealogy Project. Archived from the original on 2012-04-30. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  5. "Guru: Herbert Simon". The Economist. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  6. "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1978". NobelPrize.org.
  7. Heyck, Hunter. "Herbert A. Simon - A.M. Turing Award Laureate". amturing.acm.org.