Hermanas Mirabal Province

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Coordinates: 19°25′12″N 70°23′24″W / 19.42°N 70.39°W / 19.42; -70.39
Hermanas Mirabal
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Development region[1] Cibao Nordeste (III)
Capital Salcedo
 - elevation 196 m (643 ft)
 - coordinates 19°25′12″N 70°23′24″W / 19.42°N 70.39°W / 19.42; -70.39
Area 427.4 km² (165 sq mi)
Population 92,193 (2010) [2]
Density 216 /km² (559 /sq mi)
Province since 1952
Subdivisions 3 municipalities
2 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-19
Location of the Hermanas Mirabal Province
Location of the Hermanas Mirabal Province

Hermanas Mirabal (known previously as Salcedo province) is a Dominican province, in the north-central part of the country. Its capital city is Salcedo.

It was created on 1952 with the name Province Salcedo. In November 2007, its name was changed to Hermanas Mirabal. It was a municipality of the Espaillat province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | change source]

The Hermanas Mirabal province is bordered to the north and the west by the province of Espaillat, to the east by the Duarte province and to the south by La Vega.

Origin of name[change | change source]

Hermanas Mirabal ("Mirabal Sisters") were three sisters (Patria, Minerva and María Teresa Mirabal) that lived in Ojo de Agua, a small town in this province, and that were killed on 25 November 1960 by people of the dictator Rafael Trujillo. That day, 25 November, is now known as the International Day of Non Violence Against Women.

History[change | change source]

The province was created in 1952 with the name of Salcedo province, with the municipalities of Salcedo and Tenares, that were parts of the Espaillat province; Salcedo was named as capital of the province.

In 1959, Villa Tapia became a municipal district of the province but was made a municipality in 1968. Blanco was made a municipal district in 1968 and Jamao Afuera in 2003.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 92,193 people living in the Hermanas Mirabal province, and 26,649 (28.9%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 215.7 persons/km², one of the highest in the country[2]

Its population represents 0.98% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 24th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

As of 2016, the total estimated propulation of the province is 92,353 inhabitants.[3]

The largest city of the province is Salcedo, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 35,306 inhabitants.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

Municipalities of Hermanas Mirabal Province

The Hermanas Mirabal province has a total area of 427.4 km2 (165.0 sq mi).[2] It has 0.9% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 31st (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province; only the Distrito Nacional is smaller.

There are two geographic regions in the province. The northern half of the province is in the southern side of the Cordillera Septentrional (Northern mountain range); the mountains here are not very high. The southern half is in the Cibao valley.

The altitude of Salcedo, provincial capital, is 196 m (643 ft).[4]

The only protected area in the province is the Reserva Científica La Salcedoa ("Scientific Reserve La Salcedoa"), created to protect the habitat of an endemic plant: the Salcedoa mirabaliarum. The area is in a karstic region and includes part of the Espaillat province.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are 3 municipalities and 2 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[5] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of the Hermanas Mirabal province
Municipality
(code)
Municipal Districts (code) Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Density Altitude
(m)
Salcedo (190101) 35,306 84.2 419.3 196
Jamao Afuera (190102) 4,251 92.8 45.8 700
Salcedo (190100) 39,557 177.1 223.4
Tenares (190201) 22,922 92.7 247.3 163
Blanco (190202) 4,843 66.2 73.2 183
Tenares (190200)) 27,765 158.9 174.7
Villa Tapia (190301) 24,871 91.4 272.1 107
Villa Tapia (190300) 24,871 91.4 272.1
Hermanas Mirabal province (190000) 92,193 427.4 215.7

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture and the main products are plantain, cassava, coffee and cacao.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "División Territorial 2012" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). May 2012. p. 14. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=3321. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish) (XLS). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=7709. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  4. "Salcedo". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3493283/salcedo.html. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  5. "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 26 October 2016.