Heysel Stadium disaster
|Date||29 May 1985|
|Filmed by||European Broadcasting Union|
|Participants||Supporters of Liverpool and Juventus|
|Outcome||English clubs banned from European competition for five years; Liverpool for six years|
|Convicted||Several top officials, police captain Johan Mahieu, and 14 Liverpool fans convicted of manslaughter|
The Heysel Stadium disaster (German pronunciation: [ˈɦɛizəl]; French pronunciation: [ɛizɛl]; Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɛizəl]; German: Katastrophe von Heysel; French: Drame du Heysel; Dutch: Heizeldrama; Italian: Tragedia dell'Heysel or Strage dell'Heysel) was a human stampede that occurred on 25 May 1985, when Juventus fans escaping from a breach by Liverpool fans were pressed against a collapsing wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium, before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final. 39 people were killed and 600 were injured in the confrontation.
The tragedy resulted in all English football clubs being banned indefinitely by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) from all European competitions (lifted in 1990–91), with Liverpool being excluded for an additional three years. The Liverpool ban would later be reduced from 3 years to 1 year. 14 Liverpool fans would be found guilty of manslaughter and each sentenced to three years imprisonment. The disaster was later described as "the darkest hour in the history of the UEFA competitions".
Deaths[change | change source]
- Rocco Acerra, 29
- Bruno Balli, 50
- Alfons Bos, 35
- Giancarlo Bruschera, 21
- Andrea Casula, 11
- Giovanni Casula, 44
- Nino Cerullo, 24
- Willy Chielens, 41
- Giuseppina Conti, 17
- Dirk Daeninckx, 38
- Dionisio Fabbro, 51
- Jacques François, 45
- Eugenio Gagliano, 35
- Francesco Galli, 24
- Giancarlo Gonnelli, 20
- Alberto Guarini, 21
- Giovacchino Landini, 50
- Roberto Lorentini, 31
- Barbara Lusci, 58
- Franco Martelli, 22
- Loris Messore, 28
- Gianni Mastroiaco, 20
- Sergio Bastino Mazzino, 38
- Luciano Rocco Papaluca, 38
- Luigi Pidone, 31
- Benito Pistolato, 50
- Patrick Radcliffe, 38
- Domenico Ragazzi, 44
- Antonio Ragnanese, 49
- Claude Robert, 27
- Mario Ronchi, 43
- Domenico Russo, 28
- Tarcisio Salvi, 49
- Gianfranco Sarto, 47
- Amedeo Giuseppe Spolaore, 55
- Mario Spanu, 41
- Tarcisio Venturin, 23
- Jean Michel Walla, 32
- Claudio Zavaroni, 28
References[change | change source]
- "Heysel: Liverpool and Juventus remember disaster that claimed 39 lives". Daily Mirror. 29 May 2012.
- "Heysel, 27 Years On – Book Extract | The Tomkins Times | News, Opinion, Statistics and Discussion about Liverpool FC Football Club". The Tomkins Times. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Quote from UEFA Chief Executive Lars-Christer Olsson in 2004, uefa.com
- "Heysel stadium disaster film is planned". BBC News. 17 May 2011.
- The 39 victims who died at Heysel Stadium -liverpooldailypost.co.uk
- "Le 39 Vittime della Strage". associazionefamiliarivittimeheysel.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- Jean-Philippe Leclaire (2005-05-18). Le Heysel: Une tragédie européenne. ISBN 9782702146842. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- "Il y a trente-deux ans, des Chapellois frappés par le drame du Heysel". lavoixdunord.fr (in French). 2 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- "Remembering Belfast man Patrick Radcliffe who died in Heysel tragedy". Belfast Telegraph. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Heysel Disaster Original reports from The Times, at Internet Archive
- Heysel Tragedy article on LFC Online
- BBC Sports columnist Alan Hansen – Reds tie evokes Heysel memories
- Football Violence in Europe Paper by the Social Issues Research Centre
- Partial article by Paul Tompkins