High-speed rail

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Eurostar and Thalys PBA TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. Eurostar trains connect London with Brussels and Paris through the Channel Tunnel. Thalys trains connect Paris with Brussels, Amsterdam and Cologne.
World speed record holding (581 km/h) JR-Maglev in Yamanashi, Japan

High-speed rail is a type of passenger rail transport that operates significantly faster than the normal rail traffic. Early Shinkansen trains had a top speed of 200km/h. Various definitions are used in different contries.

According to the European Union, high-speed trains must run at least 200km/h (125 mph) on existing lines, and at least 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph) on newly built ones.

According to the United States Federal Railroad Administration, they should go above 90 mph (145 km/h) but there is no single standard, and lower speeds can be required by local constraints.[1][2]

As of 2020, speeds of 300 to 350 km/h are common in regular operation.

References[change | change source]

  1. "General definitions of highspeed". International Union of Railways. Retrieved 2007-05-02.
  2. "High-Speed Rail". Federal Railroad Administration. Retrieved 2007-05-02.