Hindu reform movements

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Hindu reform movements in the nineteenth society had many evils prevailing in it like Sati (The practice that a woman will burn herself alive at the funeral pyre of her husband), female infanticide {Killing the girl child at birth(It was mainly practised because their parents thought that it was difficult to find difficult grooms for the girls and if found a huge dowry had to be paid to them)},polygamy , child marriage etc.

Movements[change | change source]

  • Ramkrishna Mission was started by Swami Vivekananda in 1896 to propagate the teachings of his guru.
  • Brahmo Samaj was formed by Raja Ram Mohan Roy of Bengal in 1828 to end the various evils present in the Indian society.
  • Prarthana Samaj was established in Maharashtra by two people: R.G. Bhandarkar and Mahadev Govind Ranade. Gopal Krishna Gokhale also became a part of this Samaj
  • Satya Shodhak Samaj was formed by Jyotibha Phule in 1848 in Maharashtra.
  • Sri Narayana Dharma Paropalana Yogam was founded by Sri Narayana Guru in Kerala basically for the uplift mentioned of his own caste, Ezhavas, who were considered to be untouchable.
  • Arya Samaj was formed by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in 1875. He made it to revive and reform the Hindu religion and bring back the Hindus who had embraced either Islam or Christianity.
  • The Theosophical Society was founded by Madame H.P. Blavatsky and H.S. Olcott in New York in 1882. They later set up their branch in India at Adyar in Chennai in 1886. Annie Bessant carried on its work in India.