Hinduism in Bangladesh

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Religion in Bangladesh (2011 census)
Religion Percent

Hinduism is the second largest religious affiliation in Bangladesh, covering over at least 8.5% of the population.[1] In terms of population, the independent nation-state of Bangladesh is the third-largest Hindu state of the world after the Republic of India and Nepali states, and hosts the world's largest minority population of Hindus of Bengali ethnic origin.

In nature, Bangladeshi Hinduism closely resembles the forms and customs of Hinduism practiced in the neighboring Indian state of West Bengal, with which Bangladesh (at one time known as East Bengal) was united with that country until the Partition of India in 1947. The river Ganges is a sacred holy river that flows into the country from Bharat.

Demography[change | change source]

Bangladesh population is 149,772,364 of which, hindu population according to 2011 census of Bangladesh is 12,730,651 constituting 8.54% of the country's population.[2]

Bengali Hindus celebrating a Hindu festival in Bangladesh

However, at certain times different leaders and the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics have given different numbers estimation based on their research.

Number of Bengali Hindus residing in Bangladesh (2013-2021 est.)
Source/claimed by Population (%) Year
2019 report on International religious freedom: Bangladesh[3] 15,280,000 (10%) 2013
Claimed Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics[4] 15,500,000 (10.3%) 2014
Claimed Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics[4] 17,000,000 (10.7%) 2016
Claimed by Ravindra Ghosh, Chairman of Bangladesh Hindu Janajagruti Samiti[5] 18,000,000 (11.04%) 2019
Claimed by KMS leader Akhil Gogoi[6] 19,000,000 (11.65%) 2019
Claimed by Bangladesh grand Hindu alliance leader Govinda Pramanik[7] 25,000,000 (15.7%) 2019
Claimed by Bangladesh official introduction article page[8] 27,000,000 (16%) 2021
  • Note: This was just their claim based on their estimation research and is not related to any government census authority.

References[change | change source]

  1. Mahmud, Faisal (26 October 2020). "Do Hindus feel threatened in Bangladesh?". Do Hindus feel threatened in Bangladesh?. TRT World. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  2. Pew Research Center (2 April 2015). "Projected Changes in the Global Hindu Population". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  3. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (2019). "Bangladesh". United States Department of State. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 PTI (23 June 2016). "Bangladesh's Hindus number 1.7 crore, up by 1 p.c. in a year: report". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  5. Goswami, Bhupen (25 December 2019). "Atrocities on Hindus in Bangladesh: Now, 1.8 crore Hindu Bengali citizens of Bangladesh are ready to go to India, said Ravindra Ghosh, Chairman of Bangladesh Hindu Janajagruti Samiti". APN News. APN News. Retrieved 18 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Protests across Assam over Citizenship (Amendment) Bill". The Hindu. PTI. 2019-12-06. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2021-06-15.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. "As per as Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, there are around 2.5 crore Hindus living in the country, constituting 15.7 percent of the population as of the 2019 year". Apn news.
  8. "Culture of Bangladesh - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family". www.everyculture.com. Retrieved 2021-06-15.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Blood, Archer K. (2005). The cruel birth of Bangladesh: Memoirs of an American diplomat. Dhaka: University Press.
  • Benkin, Richard L. (2014). A quiet case of ethnic cleansing: The murder of Bangladesh's Hindus. New Delhi: Akshaya Prakashan.
  • Dastidar, S. G. (2008). Empire's last casualty: Indian subcontinent's vanishing Hindu and other minorities. Kolkata: Firma KLM.
  • Kamra, A. J. (2000). The prolonged partition and its pogroms: Testimonies on violence against Hindus in East Bengal 1946-64.
  • Taslima Nasrin (2014). Lajja. Gurgaon, Haryana, India: Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd, 2014.
  • Rosser, Yvette Claire. (2004) Indoctrinating Minds: Politics of Education in Bangladesh, New Delhi: Rupa & Co. ISBN 8129104318.
  • Mukherji, S. (2000). Subjects, citizens, and refugees: Tragedy in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, 1947-1998. New Delhi: Indian Centre for the Study of Forced Migration.
  • Sarkar, Bidyut (1993). Bangladesh 1992: This is our home: Sample Document of the Plight of our Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, and Tribal Minorities in our Islamized Homeland: Pogroms 1987-1992. Bangladesh Minority Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, (and Tribal) Unity Council of North America.