Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Hiraizumi, Nishiiwai District, Iwate Prefecture, Japan|
|Criteria||Cultural: (ii), (vi)|
|Inscription||2011 (35th Session)|
|Area||176.2 ha (435 acres)|
|Buffer zone||6,008 ha (14,850 acres)|
The site covers 5 locations. Four of these places are Buddhist temples. The sacred Mount Kinkeisan is also included in the group The properties and their buffer zones are covered by a range of Japanese government protections as historic sites and places of scenic beauty.
History[change | change source]
Hiraizumi was an important political, military, commercial, and cultural centre from the late-11th century until the late 12th-century. This time was marked by the building and endowment of Buddhist temples, art and gardens.
Pure Land Buddhism developed a concept of planning and garden design that was unique to Japan.
The four Pure Land gardens of Hiraizumi show the ideals of Pure Land Buddhism. The gardens also show Japanese concepts about the relationship between gardens, water and the surrounding landscape.
The four gardens were developed by the Ōshū Fujiwara clan. The poet Matsuo Bashō was inspired by this Fujiwara legacy. In 1689, Bashō wrote: "Three generations of glory vanished in the space of a dream ...."
In 2011, UNESCO listed parts of Hiraizumi as a World Heritage Site.
Locations[change | change source]
|Chūson-ji (中尊寺)||Hiraizumi||cultural site|
|Mōtsū-ji (毛越寺)||Hiraizumi||cultural site|
|Kanjizaiō-in (観自在王院跡)||Hiraizumi||cultural site|
|Muryōkō-in (無量光院跡)||Hiraizumi||cultural site|
|Mount Kinkeisan (金鶏山 Kinkeizan)||Hiraizumi||natural site|
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- UNESCO, "Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land"; retrieved 2012-4-22.
- Yiengpruksawan, Mimi Hall. (1998). Hiraizumi: Buddhist Art and Regional Politics in Twelfth-Century Japan,p. 186.
- Miner, Earl (1969). Japanese Poetic Diaries, p. 176.
- Keene, Donald. (1999). Travelers of a hundred ages, p. 315.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Hiraizumi, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons
- Hiraizumi City, Hiraizumi - World Heritage (Japanese)
- Iwate Prefecture, Hiraizumi - World Heritage (Japanese)
- Chūson-ji website (English)
- Mōtsū-ji website (English)