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Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi

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Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationHiraizumi, Nishiiwai District, Iwate Prefecture, Japan
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (vi)
Inscription2011 (35th Session)
Area176.2 ha (435 acres)
Buffer zone6,008 ha (14,850 acres)
Coordinates39°0′4″N 141°6′28″E / 39.00111°N 141.10778°E / 39.00111; 141.10778Coordinates: 39°0′4″N 141°6′28″E / 39.00111°N 141.10778°E / 39.00111; 141.10778
Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi is located in Japan
Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi
Location of Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi in Japan

Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi is the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Hiraizumi in Iwate Prefecture, Japan.[1]

The site covers 5 locations. Four of these places are Buddhist temples. The sacred Mount Kinkeisan is also included in the group The properties and their buffer zones are covered by a range of Japanese government protections as historic sites and places of scenic beauty.[1]

History[change | change source]

Hiraizumi was an important political, military, commercial, and cultural centre from the late-11th century until the late 12th-century. This time was marked by the building and endowment of Buddhist temples, art and gardens.[2]

Pure Land Buddhism developed a concept of planning and garden design that was unique to Japan.[1]

The four Pure Land gardens of Hiraizumi show the ideals of Pure Land Buddhism. The gardens also show Japanese concepts about the relationship between gardens, water and the surrounding landscape.[1]

The four gardens were developed by the Ōshū Fujiwara clan. The poet Matsuo Bashō was inspired by this Fujiwara legacy.[3] In 1689, Bashō wrote: "Three generations of glory vanished in the space of a dream ...."[4]

In 2011, UNESCO listed parts of Hiraizumi as a World Heritage Site.[1]

Locations[change | change source]

Name Image Location Notes
Chūson-ji (中尊寺) Chuson-ji Hondo 201806.jpg Hiraizumi cultural site
Mōtsū-ji (毛越寺) Oizumi Pond Motsuji Hiraizumi 2007-01-27.jpg Hiraizumi cultural site
Kanjizaiō-in (観自在王院跡) Kanzizaiouin garden HIRAIZUMI.JPG Hiraizumi cultural site
Muryōkō-in (無量光院跡) Muryoko-in Ato 201606a.jpg Hiraizumi cultural site
Mount Kinkeisan (金鶏山, Kinkeizan) Mount Kinkeisan.JPG Hiraizumi natural site

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Hiraizumi, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons