Home on the Range
|"Home on the Range"|
|Genre||Western folk song|
|Composer(s)||Daniel E. Kelley|
|Lyricist(s)||Brewster M. Higley|
"Home on the Range" is a classic western folk song. It is sometimes called the "unofficial anthem" of the American West. The lyrics were first written by Dr. Brewster M. Higley of Smith County, Kansas. He wrote them in a poem called "My Western Home" in 1872. In 1947, it became the state song of the U.S. state of Kansas. In 2010, members of the Western Writers of America chose it as one of the Top 100 western songs of all time.
History[change | change source]
In 1871, Higley moved from Indiana to Smith County, Kansas. He did this because of the Homestead Act. He lived in a small cabin near West Beaver Creek. He was inspired by his new environment that he decided to create a poem to praise the prairie. The lyrics to "Home on the Range" were first published as a poem in the Smith County Pioneer in 1872 under the title "My Western Home". That home is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Home on the Range Cabin.
The music was later added by Daniel E. Kelley (1808–1905), a carpenter and friend of Higley. The song was eventually used by ranchers, cowboys, and other western settlers. It spread across the United States in different forms. The song has gone by a few different names, the most common being "Home on the Range" and "Western Home". It was officially chosen as the state song of Kansas on June 30, 1947. It is often thought of as the unofficial anthem of the American West.
The most popular version of the song was the version recorded by Bing Crosby on September 27, 1933, with Lennie Hayton and his orchestra for Brunswick Records. It appeared in the various charts of that time.
Lyrics[change | change source]
|Dr. Brewster Higley (1876)||William and Mary Goodwin (1904)||John A. Lomax (1910)|
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References[change | change source]
- "Home on the Range - Kansapedia - Kansas Historical Society". Kshs.org. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- International, Rotary (September 1955). "Home on the Range". The Rotarian: 40.
- Western Writers of America (2010). "The Top 100 Western Songs". American Cowboy. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014.
- "Kansas Historical Society: Home on the Range". Kansas Historical Society.
- Pulver, Florence (1946). "Re: Home on the Range". The Rotarian. 68 (2): 2–3, 54. Dr. Spaeth accepted this later Spaeth 1948, p. 205
- "Home on the Range". Kansas Historical Society.
- Spaeth, Sigmund Gottfried (1948). A History of Popular Music in America. New York: Random House. p. 205.
- Silber, Irwin, ed. (1967). Songs of the Great American West. New York: Macmillan. pp. 221–223. OCLC 1268417.
- Harris, Cecilia (2014). "A Symbolic State: Home on the Range" (PDF). Kansas! Magazine. 2014 (Spring): 17–26, page 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 August 2014.
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin: Record Research inc. p. 104. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- "Historic Kansas cabin an elemental part of folk-song history | Wichita Eagle". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved March 28, 2011. Check date values in:
- Rees, Amanda (2004). The Great Plains region. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 219. ISBN 0313327335. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- Lomax, John Avery (1920). Cowboy songs: and other frontier ballads. Macmillan. pp. 39, 40. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Lickteig, Steve (29 April 2002). "Home on the Range, Present at the Creation". NPR (National Public Radio). Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. "Home on the Range, Present at the Creation (audio clip)". NPR (National Public Radio).
- McCool, John (25 May 2004). "Roam Is Where The Heart Is (Day in History: June 30, 1947)". Kansas History Online. Archived from the original on 21 June 2007.
- (for additional history) "Kansas Sights: 'Home on the Range'". University of Kansas. Archived from the original on 12 July 2004.
- Brewster Higley Ohio Historical Marker
- Home on the Range Cabin, cabin near Athol, Kansas where the song Home on the Range was written.
- The sheet music