Hong Kong Island
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Hong Kong Island (Chinese: 香港島; Jyutping: hoeng1gong2dou2) is an island in the southern part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China. Most of the city of Hong Kong was built on the island. Hong Kong Island covers 80.40 km2 (31.04 sq mi).
It had a population of 1,289,500 (16,390 people per square kilometre) in 2008. 3,000 people lived on the island in fishing villages when it was first occupied by the United Kingdom. In 1842, the island was formally given to the United Kingdom by China for good. The City of Victoria was then built on the island by the British.
The northern part of the island, on the southern shore of Victoria Harbour is the historical, political, and economic centre of Hong Kong.
The island hosts many famous places, including The Peak and Ocean Park, along with historical sites and large shopping centres. The mountains on the island are also famous for hiking. The northern part of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon form the central urban area of Hong Kong.