Hossein Rajabian

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Hossein Rajabian
Hossein Rajabian Iranian Filmmaker & Photographer.jpg
Born (1984-07-05) 5 July 1984 (age 34)
NationalityIran
EducationDramatic literature (Unfinished)
Occupationmovie director, writer, photographer

Hossein Rajabian (Persian: حسین رجبیان‎; born 5 July 1984) is an Iranian movie director, writer and photographer who was imprisoned in 2015 on charges related to his filmmaking.

Imprisonment and hunger strike[change | change source]

After finishing his first feature movie, Rajabian was arrested by Iranian security forces on 5 October 2013 outside his office in Sari alongside two musicians, and was transferred to Ward 2-A of Evin Prison where all three of them were held in solitary confinement for more than two months and were threatened with televised confessions.[1][2] He was released on bail (around $66,000) in mid-December, pending trial.[3] Two years later, his case was heard at Branch 28 of Tehran Revolutionary Court which was presided over by Judge Moghisseh (Summer 2015). He was sentenced to six years in prison and fines for pursuing illegal cinematic activities, launching propaganda against the establishment and hurling insults at sanctities. On appeal, his sentence was changed to three years imprisonment and three years of suspended jail and fines.[4][5]

Hossein Rajabian was sent to the ward 7 of Evin Prison in Tehran. After spending one third of his total period of imprisonment (that is 11 months), he went on hunger strike to protest against unjust trial, lack of medical facilities, and transfer of his brother to another ward called section 8 of the same prison. During the first hunger strike period, which lasted 14 days, he was transferred to hospital because of pulmonary infection and he could not continue his hunger strike because of the interference of the representative of the prosecutor who was sent as an intermediary. After some time, he sent an open letter to the judicial authorities of Iran and went again on strike which brought him the supports of international artists.[6][7] After 36 days of hunger strike, he could convince the judicial authorities of Iran to review his case and grant him medical leave for the treatment of his left kidney suffered from infections and blood arising out of hunger strike.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18] he, after a contentious struggle with the judicial officer of the prison was sent to the ward 8 for punishment.

Official reactions of the senior officials of the world[change | change source]

After imprisonment of Hossein Rajabian, senior officials of the world started to react officially to this sentence. For instance, Ban Ki-moon, secretary general of the United Nations, issued a special declaration about the human rights in the world. In the ninth page of the annual declaration, he refers to the conditions of Hossein Rajabian in the Iranian prisons, and asks the Iranian authorities to release this filmmaker unconditionally.[19][20][21][22] UN Special Rapporteur for human rights in Iran Asma Jahangir, in her annual report called for the unconditional release of Hossein Rajabian and other prisoners in Iran.[23][24] It can be referred to the protesting speech delivered by Wilfred Moore, the Canadian Liberal Senator in the senate against the Iranian authorities and in support of Hossein Rajabian.[25][26][27] After the imprisonment of Hossein Rajabian, Åse Kleveland who is a Norwegian an artist and political leader declared her support to him, and asked for unconditional release of him and all artists imprisoned throughout the world.[28] Following that, Philip Luther, the head of Amnesty International published an official video talking about Hossein Rajabian and asked all artists of the world to launch a worldwide campaign to support him.[29][30][31] After organizing an international petition by the Amnesty International, Johnny Depp, the American actor, and Peter Gabriel, the well-known musician initiated a campaign with the motto "Art is not a Crime" to protest against censorship and support Rajabian and all other imprisoned artists.[32]

A petition was signed by more than 12,000 people of different human right activists and artists addressing the Iranian authorities to review the judicial case of Rajabian and several other prisoners.[33][34][35] Finally, the United Nations Human Rights Committee unanimously passed a resolution against Iranian government for the flagrant violation of human rights as a reaction to the collective hunger strike of Hossein Rajabian and seven other political and ideological prisoners of Evin Prison.[36][37][38][39][40] Following that, the United States Senate extended the sanctions imposed on Iran for the violation of human rights for another ten years.[41][42][43][44][45] The citizens of European countries initiated a supporting campaign and a sit-in in front of the Iranian Embassies in different countries while showing his photos.[46] The annual report U.S. Department of State on Human Rights in Iran in 2016, to the situation of prisoner filmmaker Hossein Rajabian.[47]

Movie release in protest[change | change source]

In protest at his sentence and seizure of his movie materials, Hossein Rajabian released the medium-quality copy of his movie The Upside-down Triangle online.[48]

References[change | change source]

  1. "3 Artists Sentenced to Imprisonment and Fine by the Appeal Court of Tehran". Hrana – News Agancy. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  2. Dehghan, Saeed Kamali (24 March 2016). "Film-maker and two musicians face three years prison in Iran". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  3. "Call on Iranian authorities to drop charges on two musicians and a filmmaker". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  4. "Iran: Two musicians and a filmmaker sentenced". Artsfreedom. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  5. "Artists Sentenced to Prison". en.iranwire.com. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  6. "Help us step up our efforts to defend freedom of expression. Join Peter Gabriel, Johnny Depp, Pussy Riot's Nadya Tolokonnikova, Edward Sharpe's Alex Ebert, Tom Morello, Ana Tijoux. - Voice Project". Voice Project. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  7. Trigalot, Yoko (19 November 2016). "Johnny Depp, Peter Gabriel : une pause contre la censure". Le Figaro (in French). ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  8. "Punishment for Brothers on Hunger Strike". www.journalismisnotacrime.com. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  9. "JAILED MUSICIAN AND FILMMAKER ON HUNGER STRIKE: AMNESTY JAPAN". AMNESTY JAPAN. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  10. "Imprisoned Iranian Musicians on Hunger Strike - Voice Project". Voice Project. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  11. "Iran: Artists call for support in letter from prison". Freemuse. 1 November 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  12. "Health of Jailed Iranian Brothers Worsens in the Face of Mistreatment and Abuse | PEN America". pen.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  13. "Document". www.amnesty.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  14. correspondent, Saeed Kamali Dehghan Iran (1 December 2016). "Iranian musician hospitalised after one-month hunger strike". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  15. "Urgent Action Update: Gravely Ill Musician Returned To Prison (Iran: UA 41/16) | Amnesty International USA". www.amnestyusa.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  16. "On Hunger Strike, Imprisoned Music Distributors' Health Deteriorates". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  17. "Ailing Music Distributor Refuses Hospital Treatment, Vows to Hunger Strike Until Demands Met". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  18. "Tricked Into Ending Hunger Strike, Imprisoned Music Distributors Resume Quest for Justice". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  19. "UN: "Artistic expression is not a crime" – Special Rapporteurs urge the Iranian government to free jailed artists". Freemuse. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  20. Section, United Nations News Service (20 May 2016). "UN News - UN rights office 'appalled' by Iran's sentencing of anti-death penalty campaigner". UN News Service Section. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  21. "UN: "Artistic expression is not a crime" – Special Rapporteurs urge the Iranian government to free jailed artists". Freemuse. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  22. Section, United Nations News Service (24 June 2016). "UN News - Detention, heavy fines for artistic expression in Iran 'unacceptable,' say UN rights experts". UN News Service Section. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  23. "According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of America" (PDF).
  24. editor-m. "Human Rights Advocates Call Attention to Worsening Crackdown in Iran". Iran news update. Retrieved 28 March 2017.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  25. "Canadian Liberal Senator Defends Rights of Artists in Danger of Imprisonment in Iran". bcrgroup.us. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  26. "Human Rights Abuses in Iran—Inquiry - Liberal Senate Forum". Liberal Senate Forum. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  27. Canada, Senate of. "Senate of Canada - Debates". Senate of Canada. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  28. "– Jeg har hatt gleden av å se ayatollahene i hvitøyet". www.rb.no (in Norwegian). 31 May 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  29. Trigalot, Yoko (19 November 2016). "Johnny Depp, Peter Gabriel : une pause contre la censure". Le Figaro (in French). ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  30. Iranian Filmmaker & Photographer in Jail (7 December 2016), Amnesty Director / mehdi rajabian. hossein rajabian رییس عفو بین الملل / مهدی رجبیان و حسین رجبیان, retrieved 11 December 2016
  31. "Iran: Musicians and activists launch campaign to free jailed artists". www.amnesty.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  32. Trigalot, Yoko (19 November 2016). "Johnny Depp, Peter Gabriel : une pause contre la censure". Le Figaro (in French). ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  33. "Letter to the Iranian authorities for freedom Hossein Rajabian" (PDF).
  34. "Prisons and human rights in Iran". Cafebabel. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  35. "Two Imprisoned Iranian Artists Pen Letter of Protest". Hyperallergic. 2 November 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  36. Davison, Craig (16 November 2016). "The U.N. adopted a resolution that condemns human rights violations in Iran". The Media Express. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  37. "85 UN Member States Say Iran Must Improve Its Human Rights". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  38. Government of Canada, Global Affairs Canada. "Canada and international community call on Iran to improve its human rights record". GAC. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  39. "Third Committee Takes Up 7 Draft Resolutions on Situations in Syria, Iran, Crimea as It Concludes Discussion of Human Rights Council's Report | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  40. Government of Canada, Global Affairs Canada. "Canada and international community call on Iran to improve its human rights record". GAC. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  41. "Senate votes unanimously to extend Iran sanctions". POLITICO. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  42. CNN, Ted Barrett. "Senate votes to extend sanctions against Iran". CNN. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  43. Government of Canada, Global Affairs Canada. "Canada and international community call on Iran to improve its human rights record". GAC. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  44. "85 UN Member States Say Iran Must Improve Its Human Rights". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  45. "Third Committee Approves 5 Draft Resolutions on Situations in Syria, Iran, Crimea, Introduces 5 Others Concerning Self-Determination, Enhanced Cooperation | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  46. "A jailed Iranian musician texts from his hospital bed: Don't forget me". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  47. "The annual report U.S. Department of State on Human Rights in Iran". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  48. Hossein Rajabian Iranian Filmmaker & Photographer (23 April 2016), The Upside-down Triangle A Film By Hossein Rajabian نسخه کامل مثلث واژگون فیلمی از حسین رجبیان, retrieved 24 April 2016

Other websites[change | change source]