Hotaki dynasty

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Hotaki dynasty
1709–1738
Hotaki Empire at its peak (1722-1729)
Capital Kandahar
Isfahan
Languages Pashto
Persian
Government Monarchy
History
 •  Established 1709
 •  Disestablished 1738
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid dynasty
Mughal Empire
Afsharid dynasty
Today part of  Afghanistan
 Iran
 Pakistan

The Hotaki dynasty was founded in 1709 by Mirwais Hotak at Kandahar, Afghanistan. It was made up of ethnic Afghans who belonged to the Hotak tribe of Pashtuns.[1] They revolted and made their land independent from foreign ruler, but later they invaded Persia and defeated the great Persian Empire of the Shi'a Safavids.[2]

Mahmud Hotaki, son of Mirwais, ruled Persia until he died in 1725 and then his cousin Ashraf ruled until 1729 when Nader Shah Afshar defeated him.[3]

The last king was Hussain Hotaki in Kandahar until he was defeated by Nader Shah in 1738.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722–1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 29. Retrieved 2012-07-01. 
  2. "Account of British Trade across the Caspian Sea". Jonas Hanway. Centre for Military and Strategic Studies. Retrieved 2012-07-01. 
  3. Malleson, George Bruce (1878). History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878. London: Elibron.com. p. 227. ISBN 1402172788, 9781402172786 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help). Retrieved 2012-07-01. 
  4. "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722-1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 33. Retrieved 2012-07-01.