Hotaki dynasty

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hotaki dynasty
1709–1738
Flag of Hotaki dynasty
Flag
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
CapitalKandahar
Isfahan
Common languagesPashto and Persian (poetry)[a]
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Amir 
• 1709–1715
Mirwais Hotak
• 1715–1717
Abdul Aziz Hotak
• 1717–1725
Mahmud Hotak
• 1725–1730
Ashraf Hotak
• 1725–1738
Hussain Hotak
History 
• Revolt by Mirwais Hotak
1709
• Disestablished
1738
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid dynasty
Afsharid dynasty

The Hotaki dynasty was a dynasty founded by Pashtun[1] Ghiji tribe. In 1709 by Mirwais Hotak at Kandahar, Afghanistan. They revolted and made their land independent from foreign ruler, but later they invaded Persia and defeated the great Iranian Empire of the Shi'a Safavids.

Mahmud Hotaki, son of Mirwais, ruled Persia until he died in 1725 and then his cousin Ashraf ruled until 1729 when Nader Shah Afshar defeated him.[2]

The last king was Hussain Hotaki in Kandahar until he was defeated by Nader Shah in 1738.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hanifi, M. Jamil (2001). "ḠILZĪ". Encyclopaedia Iranica Online. Vol. X, Fasc. 6, pp. 670–672, "(...) one of three major Pashtun/Paxtun tribal confederations in Afghanistan."
  2. Malleson, George Bruce (1999). History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878. London: Elibron.com. p. 227.
  3. "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722-1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 33.

Notes

  1. Shah Hussain Hotak wrote poetry in Pashto and Persian.