Hotaki dynasty

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Hotak Empire

1709–1738
Flag of Hotak Empire
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
CapitalKandahar
Isfahan
Common languagesPashto and Persian (poetry)[a][1]
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Emir 
• 1709–1715
Mirwais Hotak
• 1715–1717
Abdul Aziz Hotak
• 1717–1725
Mahmud Hotak
• 1725–1730
Ashraf Hotak
• 1725–1738
Hussain Hotak
Historical eraEarly modern period
21 April 1709
24 March 1738
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid Iran
Mughal Empire
Afsharid dynasty

The Hotaki dynasty was founded in 1709 by Mirwais Hotak at Kandahar, Afghanistan. It was made up of Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) who belonged to the Hotak tribe of Pashtuns.[2] They revolted and made their land independent from foreign ruler, but later they invaded Persia and defeated the great Persian Empire of the Shi'a Safavids.[3]

Mahmud Hotaki, son of Mirwais, ruled Persia until he died in 1725 and then his cousin Ashraf ruled until 1729 when Nader Shah Afshar defeated him.[4]

The last king was Hussain Hotaki in Kandahar until he was defeated by Nader Shah in 1738.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bausani 1971, p. 63.
  2. "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722–1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 29. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
  3. "Account of British Trade across the Caspian Sea". Jonas Hanway. Centre for Military and Strategic Studies. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
  4. Malleson, George Bruce (1999). History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878. London: Elibron.com. p. 227. ISBN 1402172788. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
  5. "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722-1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 33. Retrieved 2012-07-01.

Notes

  1. Shah Hussain Hotak wrote poetry in Pashto and Persian.[1]