House of Commons of the United Kingdom
The term House of Commons is used by many countries to describe part of their parliament. In the United Kingdom, the House of Commons is the part of the parliament which has the most power. It is made up of Members of Parliament elected by the people. Sometimes it is called the 'lower house'. (The 'upper house' is called the House of Lords.) Other countries also have a bicameral parliament with a House of Commons working in the same way.
In the British parliament, there are 650 Members of Parliament or MPs. Each MP represents a constituency, which covers an area of the country. The people of each constituency vote at a general election or a by-election to choose one person to represent them in the House of Commons. Usually, the people choose someone who belongs to a political party. When all the parties get together, the party or coalition with the most members is the government and runs the country. The leader of that party is called the Prime Minister.
The House of Commons hold their meetings in the Palace of Westminster. Their chief officer is the Speaker of the House who elected by MPs. The current Speaker is Lindsay Hoyle, who was elected in 2019. The Clerk of the House of Commons is the Principal Adviser to the Speaker. The Serjeant-at-Arms is in charge of the security.
Current Composition[change | change source]
|At 2017 Election||Current seats|
|The Independent Group for Change||N/A||5|
|The Independents (UK)||N/A||5|
|Birkenhead Social Justice||N/A||1|
* Is the Conservative minority government which has the D.U.P. supporting it with a confidence and Supply agreement.
Seeming Sinn Féin does not take their seats the number of seats a party needs for a majority is 320
Election Results Since 1945[change | change source]
|Year||Conservative||Labour||Liberal & SDP||SNP||Others|
|1955||Winston Churchill resigns and Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister|
|1957||Anthony Eden resigns and Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister|
|1963||Harold Macmillan resigns and Alec Douglas-Home becomes Prime Minister|
|1976||Harold Wilson resigns and James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister|
|1988||The Liberal and SDP parties merge and Form The Liberal Democrats|
|1990||Margaret Thatcher resigns and John Major becomes Prime Minister|
|2007||Tony Blair resigns and Gordon Brown Becomes Prime Minister|
|2016||David Cameron resigns and Theresa May becomes Prime Minister|
|2019||Theresa May resigns and Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister|