Howard County, Missouri

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Howard County
The Howard County Courthouse in Fayette
The Howard County Courthouse in Fayette
Mother of Counties
Map of Missouri highlighting Howard County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°08′N 92°42′W / 39.14°N 92.7°W / 39.14; -92.7
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedJanuary 23, 1816
Named forBenjamin Howard
Largest cityFayette
 • Total472 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Land464 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Water7.7 sq mi (20 km2)  1.6%
 • Total10,151
 • Density22/sq mi (8.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)

Howard County is a county in the U.S. state of Missouri. Its southern border is the Missouri River. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,151.[1] Its county seat is Fayette.[2] The county was organized January 23, 1816 and named for Benjamin Howard, the first Governor of the Missouri Territory.[3]

History[change | change source]

Howard County was settled mainly from the upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them and grew hemp and tobacco. Howard was one of several counties settled mainly by Southerners along the Missouri River in the center of the state. Because of this, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Howard County was at its heart.[4] Following the 1848 revolutions in germany, many German immigrants also came to this region.

Because of the reliance on slave labor, by 1860 African American slaves made up at least 25 percent of the county's population.[5] Many Howard County residents supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. After the end of Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws and racial segregation were enforced in the county. Five African Americans were lynched in Howard County between 1891 and 1914. These were Olli Truxton, Frank Embree, Thomas Hayden, Arthur McNeal, and Dallas Shields.[6]

The county continued to be developed for agriculture and is still mostly rural. However, Howard has lost population since reaching its peak in 1900. The mechanization of farming reduced the demand for labor, and many people left for jobs in the cities. In 2000 African-Americans in the county had declined to less than 7 percent of the total. Nearly one-third of the residents now identify themselves as of German ancestry.

Geography[change | change source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 472 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 464 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.6%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[change | change source]

Major highways[change | change source]

National protected area[change | change source]

Demographics[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

At the 2020 census, 10,151 people lived in the county. There were 3,873 households and 841 people who did not live in households. The population density was 21.9 people per square mile (8.5/km²). The median age was 38.8 years (38.1 for males, 39.3 for females).

Of the total population, 22.1% were under 18 years old, 59.1% were 18 to 64, and 18.8% were 65 or over. Males made up 50.1% and females made up 49.9% of the people. The population was 86.9% White (non-Latino), 5.3% Black (non-Latino), 2.0% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.6% Two or more races (non-Latino). Other races each made up less than 1% of the population.

Of the 3,873 households, 2,539 (65.6%) were families, 1,133 (29.3%) had children under 18, 1,916 (49.5%) had a married couple, and 1,100 (28.4%) had one person living alone. The average household size was 2.4 people. There were 4,368 housing units, and 88.7% had people living in them all year. Of these households, 75.2% were owner-occupied, while 24.8% were renters.[12][13]

As of 2022, the median (middle) yearly income for a household was about $59,023, and the median income for a family was about $71,759.[14] The per capita income was about $27,474.[15] About 7.8% of families[16] and 12.8% of all people in Howard County lived below the poverty line. This includes 15.9% of children under 18 years old and 9.8% of people over 65 years old.[17]

Education[change | change source]

Public schools[change | change source]

  • Fayette R-III School District – Fayette
    • Laurence J. Daly Elementary School (PK-05)
    • William N. Clark Middle School (06-08)
    • Fayette High School (09-12)
  • Glasgow School District – Glasgow
    • Howard County Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Glasgow High School (07-12)
  • New Franklin R-I School District – New Franklin
    • New Franklin Elementary School (PK-05)
    • New Franklin Middle/High School (06-12)

Private schools[change | change source]

Post-secondary[change | change source]

  • Central Methodist University – Fayette – A private, four-year Methodist university.

Cities and towns[change | change source]

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "QuickFacts: Howard County, Missouri". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 174.
  4. "Little Dixie Missouri". Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans=. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  5. T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
  6. Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889—1918 (Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2012), pp. 80–81
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  12. "DP1: PROFILE OF GENERAL POPULATION AND HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.
  13. "P16: HOUSEHOLD TYPE". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.
  14. "S1901: Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2022 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.
  15. "S1902: Mean Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2022 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.
  16. "S1702: Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months of Families". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.
  17. "S1701: Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2024.

Other websites[change | change source]