Howard County, Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Howard County, Missouri
Map
Map of Missouri highlighting Howard County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 23, 1816
Seat Fayette
Largest City Fayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

472 sq mi (1,222 km²)
464 sq mi (1,202 km²)
7.7 sq mi (20 km²), 1.6%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

10,139
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Benjamin Howard

Howard County is a county in the U.S. state of Missouri. Its southern border is the Missouri River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,144.[1] Its county seat is Fayette.[2] The county was organized January 23, 1816 and named for Benjamin Howard, the first Governor of the Missouri Territory.[3]

History[change | change source]

Howard County was settled mainly from the upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them and grew hemp and tobacco. Howard was one of several counties settled mainly by Southerners along the Missouri River in the center of the state. Because of this, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Howard County was at its heart.[4] Following the 1848 revolutions in germany, many German immigrants also came to this region.

Because of the reliance on slave labor, by 1860 African American slaves made up at least 25 percent of the county's population.[5] Many Howard County residents supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. After the end of Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws and racial segregation were enforced in the county. Five African Americans were lynched in Howard County between 1891 and 1914. These were Olli Truxton, Frank Embree, Thomas Hayden, Arthur McNeal, and Dallas Shields.[6]

The county continued to be developed for agriculture and is still mostly rural. However, Howard has lost population since reaching its peak in 1900. The mechanization of farming reduced the demand for labor, and many people left for jobs in the cities. In 2000 African-Americans in the county had declined to less than 7 percent of the total. Nearly one-third of the residents now identify themselves as of German ancestry.

Geography[change | change source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 472 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 464 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.6%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[change | change source]

Major highways[change | change source]

National protected area[change | change source]

Demographics[change | change source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 13,426
1830 10,854 −19.2%
1840 13,108 20.8%
1850 13,969 6.6%
1860 15,946 14.2%
1870 17,233 8.1%
1880 18,428 6.9%
1890 17,371 −5.7%
1900 18,337 5.6%
1910 15,653 −14.6%
1920 13,997 −10.6%
1930 13,490 −3.6%
1940 13,026 −3.4%
1950 11,857 −9.0%
1960 10,859 −8.4%
1970 10,561 −2.7%
1980 10,008 −5.2%
1990 9,631 −3.8%
2000 10,212 6.0%
2010 10,144 −0.7%
Est. 2015 10,139 [8] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 10,212 people, 3,836 households, and 2,631 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,346 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 6.84% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Approximately 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.4% were of German, 16.1% American, 8.9% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,836 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,614, and the median income for a family was $40,167. Males had a median income of $26,369 versus $19,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,198. About 7.50% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[change | change source]

Public schools[change | change source]

  • Fayette R-III School District – Fayette
    • Laurence J. Daly Elementary School (PK-05)
    • William N. Clark Middle School (06-08)
    • Fayette High School (09-12)
  • Glasgow School District – Glasgow
    • Howard County Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Glasgow High School (07-12)
  • New Franklin R-I School District – New Franklin
    • New Franklin Elementary School (PK-05)
    • New Franklin Middle/High School (06-12)

Private schools[change | change source]

Post-secondary[change | change source]

  • Central Methodist University – Fayette – A private, four-year Methodist university.

Cities and towns[change | change source]

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/29/29089.html. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 174. https://books.google.com/books?id=RfAuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA174#v=onepage&q&f=false.
  4. "Little Dixie Missouri". Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans=. http://www.missouridivision-scv.org/littledixie.htm. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  5. T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
  6. Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889—1918 (Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2012), pp. 80–81
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_29.txt. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  8. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/counties/totals/2015/CO-EST2015-01.html. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/mo190090.txt. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Other websites[change | change source]