Howard County, Missouri
|Howard County, Missouri|
Howard County Courthouse in Fayette
Location within Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||January 23, 1816|
|Named for||Benjamin Howard|
|• Total||472 sq mi (1,222 km2)|
|• Land||464 sq mi (1,202 km2)|
|• Water||7.7 sq mi (20 km2), 1.6%|
|• Density||22/sq mi (8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
Howard County is a county in the U.S. state of Missouri. Its southern border is the Missouri River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,144. Its county seat is Fayette. The county was organized January 23, 1816 and named for Benjamin Howard, the first Governor of the Missouri Territory.
History[change | change source]
Howard County was settled mainly from the upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them and grew hemp and tobacco. Howard was one of several counties settled mainly by Southerners along the Missouri River in the center of the state. Because of this, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Howard County was at its heart. Following the 1848 revolutions in germany, many German immigrants also came to this region.
Because of the reliance on slave labor, by 1860 African American slaves made up at least 25 percent of the county's population. Many Howard County residents supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. After the end of Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws and racial segregation were enforced in the county. Five African Americans were lynched in Howard County between 1891 and 1914. These were Olli Truxton, Frank Embree, Thomas Hayden, Arthur McNeal, and Dallas Shields.
The county continued to be developed for agriculture and is still mostly rural. However, Howard has lost population since reaching its peak in 1900. The mechanization of farming reduced the demand for labor, and many people left for jobs in the cities. In 2000 African-Americans in the county had declined to less than 7 percent of the total. Nearly one-third of the residents now identify themselves as of German ancestry.
Geography[change | change source]
Adjacent counties[change | change source]
- Chariton County (northwest)
- Randolph County (northeast)
- Boone County (southeast)
- Cooper County (south)
- Saline County (west)
Major highways[change | change source]
National protected area[change | change source]
Demographics[change | change source]
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,212 people, 3,836 households, and 2,631 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,346 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 6.84% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Approximately 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.4% were of German, 16.1% American, 8.9% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry.
There were 3,836 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,614, and the median income for a family was $40,167. Males had a median income of $26,369 versus $19,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,198. About 7.50% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.
Education[change | change source]
Public schools[change | change source]
- Fayette R-III School District – Fayette
- Laurence J. Daly Elementary School (PK-05)
- William N. Clark Middle School (06-08)
- Fayette High School (09-12)
- Glasgow School District – Glasgow
- Howard County Elementary School (PK-06)
- Glasgow High School (07-12)
- New Franklin R-I School District – New Franklin
- New Franklin Elementary School (PK-05)
- New Franklin Middle/High School (06-12)
Private schools[change | change source]
- St. Mary’s Catholic School – Glasgow (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- Grace & Glory Christian Academy – New Franklin (K-12) – Baptist
Post-secondary[change | change source]
- Central Methodist University – Fayette – A private, four-year Methodist university.
Cities and towns[change | change source]
Notable people[change | change source]
- Frank P. Briggs - former United States Senator and Assistant U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
- Sara Evans - American country music singer.
- Spottswood Rice - Union Soldier in the Civil War and African Methodist Episcopal Church minister.
References[change | change source]
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 174.
- "Little Dixie Missouri". Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans=. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
- Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889—1918 (Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2012), pp. 80–81
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Howard County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- History of Howard and Chariton Counties, Missouri (1883), full text