Hugh Capet of France

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An artist's depiction of Hugh Capet

Hugh Capet (French: Hugues Capet) (941–996) was King of the Franks from 987 until his death in 996. The Capetian dynasty he started ruled France in an unbroken line for 300 years.

Early career[change | change source]

Hugh was born in the winter of 941 and was the son of Hugh the Great and Hedwige of Saxony.[1] His grandfather was King Robert I.[2] His grandmother was Beatrice of Vermandois. She was a Carolingian; a daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois.[1] By this connection he was the fifth great-grandson of Charlemagne through Pepin of Italy.[3]

While still a young man Hugh got the nickname "capet" from the cape he wore. These were tokens of the lay abbacies he held.[4]

Elected king of the Franks[change | change source]

When King Louis V died with no heir Adalbero of Reims made a plea for electing Hugh Capet. He proposed the throne was not a hereditary right but that the king should be the best man for the job. The assembly at Senlis agreed and elected Hugh King of the Franks.[5]

Capet is buried in the Saint Denis Basilica.

Family[change | change source]

He married Adelaide of Aquitaine. She was the daughter of William III of Aquitaine. Together they had:

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafeln 10, 11
  2. Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328, (London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007), p. 69
  3. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), pp. 371, 375
  4. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), p. 264
  5. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), p. 278
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 11