Human swimming

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Swimming is the movement of the body through water using arms and legs. Most of the time equipment is not used. People can use it for exercise and fun.[1] It main uses include bathing, cooling, fishing, recreation, exercise, and sport.

People swim using their arms and/or legs. Swimming can be divided into several "strokes": breaststroke, front crawl, butterfly, and backstroke are some of them, but the main stroke that is easiest to swim is front crawl.

A girl underwater in a swimming pool.

Swimmers move through the water using the combination of other body parts. Swimmers have to be able to stay under water with holding their breath for long time.

Swimming can be done for fun, for exercise, or as a competitive sport. Many schools use swimming as a physical training exercise or just to have some fun after a hard week in the gym or outside.

Backstroke start, waiting for the signal

Society[change | edit source]

Swimming has been around for a long time. We humans have learned how to swim from the sea creatures. When we evolved we took swimming with us to the next level. When we started swimming we could swim as well and fast as today. When we couldn’t swim we used the doggy paddle. And that was one of the most important techniques at that time.

I bet you thought swimming was a form of exercise. That it is, and a good one too. It works all the muscles simultaneously, stretches heart and lungs and is impact free. How it might be a form of cultural expression is less clear, but only according to how narrowly the term ‘culture’ is interpreted.

Competitive swimming became popular in the nineteenth century. The goal of competitive swimming is to constantly improve upon one's time(s), or to beat the competitors in any given event. However, some professional swimmers who do not hold a national or world ranking are considered the best in regard to their technical skills. Typically, an athlete goes through a cycle of training in which the body is overloaded with work in the beginning and middle segments of the cycle, and then the workload is decreased in the final stage as the swimmer approaches the competition in which he or she is to compete in. This final stage is often referred to as "shave and taper"; the swimmer tapering downs his or her workload to be able to perform at their optimal level. At the very end of this stage, before competition, the swimmer shaves off all exposed hair for the sake of reducing drag and having a sleeker and more hydrodynamic feel in the water. Women who are menstruating may use tampons rather than pads.

Style[change | edit source]

There are 4 styles in swimming.Crowl, backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly.


1.Crowl -fastest and most efficient technique, also called freestyle, because swimmers use it in freestyle events.


2.backstroke -only stroke that is swum on the back, with the swimmer looking up, uses the same flutterkick than crawl


3.breaststoke -one of the easiest and most relaxing strokes for novices. competitive swimmers find it difficult because it uses more energy when swum at a fast pace  


4.butterfly -powerful, graceful and fast relies on good technique and uses the dolphin kick


Various tools are used for an exercise of the swimming. For example, fins, Kickboards which keeps upperbody afload & allows to concentrate on kicking correctly, and Pull buoys which foam floats that swimmers hold between their thighs to keep the lower body high & flat helps to learn the arm & upper body movements.

Variation[change | edit source]

There are a lot of merits as a swimming.

① Many exercise consumptions In the sports activity for the purpose of the diet, we consume predominantly many carolies by the swimming. ② Aerobic exercise Fat can burn efficiently by swimming diet, for moderate aerobic exercise. ※ What's the "aerobic"? Exercise which uses the muscle with the load that is continuous and relatively weak. Fat combustion begins by continuing the exercise more than 20 minutes. In other words it is luck exercise that "fat" in blood is tied to "oxygen" taken in by breathing in the motion and becomes the muscle energy. ※ What's the "anaerobics"? Because I do not need oxygen when it is necessary in the instantaneous power such as a sprint and the muscular workout, I take oxygen and include it There is few it with quantity of and does not contribute to combustion of the body fat. ③ I bear it by buoyancy and am reduced A burden to depend on a body for exercise is small, but can get a big momentum by resistance of the water while it is underwater. As for the running and the walking, the crash force to lower limbs and the joint at the time of the landing burdens you; is evil by excessive enforcement Influence is concerned about.

See also[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Healthy Swimming/Recreational Water". http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/swimming/health_benefits_water_exercise.html.