|The Mughal Emperor Humayun|
|Reign||26 December 1530 AD – 17 May 1540 AD
22 February 1555 AD– 27 January 1556 AD
|Coronation||30 December 1530, Agra|
Hamida Banu Begum
|Born||17 March 1508
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
|Died||27 January 1556
Nasir uddin Muhammad Humayun (Persian: نصیر الدین محمد همایون; OS 7 March 1508 AD – OS 17 January 1556 AD) was the second Mughal Emperor. He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. He was the son of the previous emperor, Babur.
His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.
Military campaigns[change | change source]
In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and capured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj a year later.
Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.
Death[change | change source]
In 1556, he fell down the steps of his library in Sher Mandal, (in Purana Kila) and died soon after. He was succeeded by Akbar