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Painting of Humayun, c. 1700.jpg
The Mughal Emperor Humayun
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 2nd Mughal Emperor
Reign 26 December 1530 AD – 17 May 1540 AD
22 February 1555 AD– 27 January 1556 AD
Coronation 30 December 1530, Agra
Predecessor Babur
Successor Akbar
Born (1508-03-17)17 March 1508
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
Died 27 January 1556(1556-01-27) (aged 47)
Burial Humayun's Tomb
Spouse Haji Begum
Bega Begum
Hamida Banu Begum
Bigeh Begum
Miveh Jan
Shahzadi Khanum

Akbar, son
Mirza Muhammad Hakim, son
Aqiqeh Begum, daughter
Bakshi Banu Begum, daughter

Bakht-un-Nisa Begum, daughter
Dynasty Mughal
Father Babur
Mother Maham Begum
Religion Islam

Nasir uddin Muhammad Humayun (Persian: نصیر الدین محمد همایون‎; OS 7 March 1508 AD – OS 17 January 1556 AD) was the second Mughal Emperor. He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. He was the son of the previous emperor, Babur.

His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.

Military campaigns[change | change source]

In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and capured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj a year later.

Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.

Death[change | change source]

In 1556, he fell down the steps of his library in Sher Mandal, (in Purana Kila) and died soon after. He was succeeded by Akbar.

War with Bahadur Shah

In 1531, Bahadur Shah overran Malwa and the next year he turned to Mewar. Humayun marched against Bahadur Shah and easily defeated his forces. Bahadur Shah fled to Ahemdabad and from there to Kathisawar.