|2nd Mughal Emperor|
|Reign||26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540 |
22 February 1555 – 27 January 1556
|Coronation||29 December 1530 Agra|
|Born||6 March 1508|
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
|Died||27 January 1556 (aged 47)|
Hamida Banu Begum
Mirza Muhammad Hakim, son
Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (6 March 1508 - 27 January 1556) was the second Mughal Emperor.
His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.
Military campaigns[change | change source]
In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and captured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujrat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj the next year (1540).
Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.
War with Bahadur Shah
In 1531, Bahadur Shah Zafar overran Malwa and the next year he turned to Mewar. Humayun marched against Bahadur Shah and easily defeated his forces. Bahadur Shah fled to Ahmedabad and from there to Kathisawar.
Death[change | change source]
In 1556, Humayun had a fatal fall from the stairs of his private observatory (some sources say his library). He was carrying books when his feet got caught in his robe and he tripped and fractured his head. He had bent down upon hearing the azaan (the Muslim call to prayer). All medical aid proved useless, and Humayun died. He is known as "the luckless one".