Hyderabad State

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State of Hyderabad
حیدر آباد

1724–1948
 

Flag

Hyderabad (dark green) and Berar (not a part of Hyderabad but also Nizam's Dominion) (light green) (Between 1853 and 1903)
Capital Hyderabad
Government Principality
Nizam
 - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I
 - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII
History
 - Established 1724
 - Annexed by India September 18, 1948

Hyderābād and Berar (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు, Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in the erstwhile Indian Empire. The Berar region of present day Vidarbha in Maharashtra was merged with the Central Provinces in 1903, to form Central Provinces and Berar.

Hyderabad state was located in south-central Indian subcontinent from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam. During partition of India in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad declared his intentions of not joining either newly formed India or Pakistan. Sensing trouble, India launched Operation Polo which resulted in the absorption of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, in 1948.

Administrative divisions[change | edit source]

Hyderabad State was made up of sixteen districts. The districts were grouped into four divisions:

  • Aurangabad Division – included Aurangabad, Beed, Nanded and Parbhani districts;
  • Gulbarga Division – included Bidar, Gulbarga, Osmanabad and Raichur district;
  • Gulshanabad (or Medak) Division – included Hyderabad (Atraf-i-Baldah), Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda (Nalgundah), and Nizamabad districts;
  • Warangal Division – included Adilabad, Karimnagar and Waranga districts.

After the states were reorganised in 1956, Aurangabad became part of Maharashtra, and Gulbarga became part of Karnataka.