|State of Hyderabad
|- 1720-48 (first)||Asaf Jah I|
|- 1911-48 (last)||Asaf Jah VII|
|- Annexed by India||September 18, 1948|
Hyderābād and Berar (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు, Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in the erstwhile Indian Empire. The Berar region of present day Vidarbha in Maharashtra was merged with the Central Provinces in 1903, to form Central Provinces and Berar.
Hyderabad state was located in south-central Indian subcontinent from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam. During partition of India in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad declared his intentions of not joining either newly formed India or Pakistan. Sensing trouble, India launched Operation Polo which resulted in the absorption of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, in 1948.
Administrative divisions[change | edit source]
Hyderabad State was made up of sixteen districts. The districts were grouped into four divisions:
- Aurangabad Division – included Aurangabad, Beed, Nanded and Parbhani districts;
- Gulbarga Division – included Bidar, Gulbarga, Osmanabad and Raichur district;
- Gulshanabad (or Medak) Division – included Hyderabad (Atraf-i-Baldah), Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda (Nalgundah), and Nizamabad districts;
- Warangal Division – included Adilabad, Karimnagar and Waranga districts.