Hyōgo Prefecture

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Hyōgo Prefecture
Japanese: 兵庫県
Map of Japan with Hyōgo highlighted
Capital Kobe
Region Kansai
Island Honshu
Governor Motohiko Saitō
Area (rank) 8,396.13 km² (12th)
 - % water 0.6%
Population  (November 1, 2011)
 - Population 5582978 (7th)
 - Density auto /km²
Districts 8
Municipalities 41
ISO 3166-2 JP-28
Website web.pref.hyogo.lg.jp/fl/english/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Nojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)
 - Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
 - Bird Oriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)
 - Fish
Symbol of Hyōgo Prefecture
Symbol of Hyōgo Prefecture
Emblem of Hyogo Prefecture.svg

Hyōgo Prefecture is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Kobe.[2]

History[change | change source]

In the Meiji period, Hyōgo Prefecture was formed by merging the provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tamba and Settsu.[3]

In 1993, Himeji Castle was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is in the city of Himeji.[4]

In 1995, the Great Hanshin earthquake damaged Kobe and neighboring Osaka Prefecture. It caused the deaths of 5,000+ people.[5]

Geography[change | change source]

Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas. The Sea of Japan is north of the prefecture and the Seto Inland Sea is on the south. Awaji Island in the Inland Sea is part of Hyōgo.

Hyōgo shares land borders with Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.

Cities[change | change source]

There are twenty-nine cities in Hyōgo Prefecture, including


National Parks[change | change source]

National Parks are established in about 20% of the total land area of the prefecture.[6]

Shrines and Temples[change | change source]

Izumo daijinju is the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [7]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365; "Kansai" at p. 477.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kobe" at p. 537.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan-i.jp, Himeji-jo[permanent dead link]; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  5. Fukushima, Glen S. "The Great Hanshin Earthquake," Archived 2012-12-18 at the Wayback Machine Japan Policy Research Institute (JPRI), March 1995; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  6. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  7. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-3-13.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Hyōgo prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 34°41′26.94″N 135°10′59.08″E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E / 34.6908167; 135.1830778