Hypovolemic shock

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Hypovolemic shock is a medical emergency and an advanced form of hypovolemia. It is caused by low amounts of blood and/or fluid inside the human body to let the heart pump enough blood to the body.[1]

Hypovolemic shock happens when there is a low amount of intravascular volume to the point of heart failure. The hypovolemic shock could be due to severe dehydration or from blood loss.[2][3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Hypovolemic shock: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". MedlinePlus. 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  2. Hooper, Nicholas; Armstrong, Tyler J. (2018-10-27). "Shock, Hemorrhagic". NCBI Bookshelf. PMID 29262047. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  3. McGee, Steven (2018). Evidence-based physical diagnosis. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-323-39276-1. OCLC 959371826. The term hypovolemia refers collectively to two distinct disorders: (1) volume depletion, which describes the loss of sodium from the extracellular space (i.e., intravascular and interstitial fluid) that occurs during gastrointestinal hemorrhage, vomiting, diarrhea, and diuresis; and (2) dehydration, which refers to the loss of intracellular water (and total body water) that ultimately causes cellular desiccation and elevates the plasma sodium concentration and osmolality.