I. L. Patterson
Issac L. Patterson
|18th Governor of Oregon|
January 10, 1927 – December 21, 1929
|Preceded by||Walter M. Pierce|
|Succeeded by||A. W. Norblad|
|Born||September 17, 1859|
Benton County, Oregon
|Died||December 21, 1929|
|Spouse(s)||Mary E. Patterson|
Isaac Lee "Ike" Patterson, (September 17, 1859 - December 21, 1929) was a Republican Governor of Oregon from 1927 to 1929.
Early life[change | change source]
Patterson was born on his family's "King's Valley" estate in Rural Benton County, Oregon September 17, 1859. His parrents were emigrants to the Oregon Territory, having made the overland trip from their previous home of Bellvue, Illinois. Until he reached the age of 18, he worked his father's farm. He later attended Monmouth's Christian College, for one year. Patterson supported himself as a grocery clerk in Independence, later earning his way into a position there as a business partner. His participation in the grocery store would last for 22 years.
Entry into politics[change | change source]
In 1898, Patterson entered politics, gaining election to a seat in the Oregon State Senate representing Marion County. At the time, he was one of the youngest State Legislators ever elected, having been sworn in at age 32. President William McKinley appointed Patterson to the post of Collector of Customs, Portland District in 1898, and was reappointed by Theodore Roosevelt in 1902, serving there until 1906.
In 1899, Patterson sold off his share in the grocery store, and purchased a 300 acre ranch in rural Polk County. The farm would prove profitable, and paved the way for Patterson's later venture into a successful wool and hide business in Portland.
After serving out his term as Collector of Customs, Patterson managed his business affairs and kept workinng politicaly inside the Republican Party. In 1918, the citizens of Benton and Polk Counties elected him to represent their district, returning him to the State Senate. In the Senate, he moved his way up and served as Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee.
Governorship[change | change source]
Patterson attempted to secure the Republican nomination for Governor in 1922, coming in a distant third in the primary in a six-man race. Despite this poor showing, Patterson had strong ties with the party's old guard. He won the Chairmanship of the Oregon State Republican Party Central Committee in 1924, going on to chair Calvin Coolidge's Presidential campaign in Oregon.
His profile statewide rose, and this secured him the Republican gubernatorial nomination in 1926. He would go on to defeat Walter M. Price in that year's general election.
Using President Coolidge as an inspiration, Governor Patterson would govern the state in a financialy conservative manner; streamlining agencies of the state and vetoing legislation which would threaten balancing the state's finances. By 1920, the state balanced its budget for the first time in its history.
His administration notably continued improving state roads and highways, established the state's system of higher education, and directed the state prison system to house adult and juvinile criminals seperately.
He was considered a popular and well-respected figure by rivals and supporters alike, but suddenly died in office of Pneumonia on December 21, 1929.
Sources[change | change source]
- Oregon State Library Archived 2006-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Klooster, Karl. Round the Roses II: More Past Portland Perspectives, pg. 126, 1992 ISBN 0-9619847-1-6
Other websites[change | change source]
- Oregon State Archives: I.L. Patterson Administration Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine-Photo and some public speeches of Governor I.L. Patterson.
|Governors of Oregon|
|Whiteaker | Gibbs | Woods | Grover | Chadwick | Thayer | Moody | Pennoyer | Lord | Geer | Chamberlain | Benson | Bowerman | West | Withycombe | Olcott | Pierce | I. Patterson | Norblad | Meier | Martin | Sprague | Snell | Hall | McKay | P. Patterson | Smith | Holmes | Hatfield | McCall | Straub | Atiyeh | Goldschmidt | Roberts | Kitzhaber | Kulongoski|