The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is in southwest part of Europe. Like other peninsulas, it is mostly surrounded by sea. To the south and the east of the peninsula is the Mediterranean Sea. To its north and west is the Atlantic Ocean. It is the third largest peninsula of Europe with an area of 582,860 km². The name Iberia is the Ancient Greek name for the area which the Romans called "Hispania". The word "Hispania" is now used for Spain, and the word "Iberia" is used for the whole area.
The word Iberia was also used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans for another territory at the opposite side of Europe, Caucasian Iberia, which is near the Black Sea.
Countries & territories[change | change source]
The Iberian Peninsula is divided into:
- Spain, most of the peninsula, including the center, east and northwest
- Portugal, most of the west of the peninsula
- Andorra, a very small nation at the northern edge of the peninsula in the Pyrenees between Spain and France
- Gibraltar, a tiny British territory in the south, bordering Spain
- France, a very small territory of the nation France is on the east side of the peninsula