Ice climbing is a type of mountaineering activity where people climb on ice formations. They might climb on frozen waterfalls or large rocks covered with ice. Ice climbers use special equipment like ice axes, ropes and crampons to climb ice and glaciers.
Ice climbing competitions started in Russia and have been held each winter since 1970.
Dangers to climbers include:
- rocks falling from the mountain
- extreme cold which can cause frostbite
- falls which can break climbers' legs and arms or even cause death