Ignaz Pleyel

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Ignaz Pleyel

Ignace Joseph Pleyel (French: [plɛjɛl]; German: [ˈplaɪl̩]; 18 June 1757 – 14 November 1831) was an Austrian-French composer and piano builder.[1]

Life[change | change source]

Pleyel was born in Ruppersthal in Austria in a family of a schoolmaster Martin Pleyl.[2] In 1772 he became a student of Joseph Haydn.

In 1783 Pleyel moved to Strasbourg to work with Franz Xaver Richter, the maître de chapelle at the Strasbourg Cathedral.[3] In 1788 Pleyel married Françoise-Gabrielle Lefebvre and had four children with her. In 1797 he started a business as a music publisher ("Maison Pleyel") in Paris.[4] The company published about 4,000 works during 39 years.

Pleyel composed more than 40 symphonies, 70 string quartets, several operas, piano solo pieces and chamber music.[5] He also was a founder of a piano firm Pleyel et Cie that was continued by Pleyel's son Camille. The firm provided pianos for Frédéric Chopin. The composer was very fond of Pleyel's instruments.[6] In 2009 a replica of the 1830 model of Pleyel's piano was built. Now it is in the collection of Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw.[7] It was also used in the 1st International Chopin Piano Competition on Period Instruments.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Pleyel family (i)". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.21940. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  2. Ignaz Joseph Pleyel. Biography. "Internationale Ignaz Joseph Pleyel Gesellschaft".
  3. Mathorez, Jules. Les Allemands, les Hollandais, les Scandinaves. Histoire de la formation de la population française : les étrangers en France sous l'ancien régime, 2. Paris: Champion, 1921.
  4. Benton, Rita (1979). "Pleyel as Music Publisher". Journal of the American Musicological Society. 32 (1): 125–140.
  5. Hill, Cecil (1980). "Masonic music", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie, vol. 11, 753-756
  6. Chopin's letters. By Chopin, Frédéric, 1810-1849; Voynich, E. L. (Ethel Lillian), 1864-1960; Opienski, Henryk, 1870-1942
  7. "I Międzynarodowy Konkurs Chopinowski na Instrumentach Historycznych". iccpi.eu. Retrieved 2021-07-16.

Other websites[change | change source]