Imperial Household Agency

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Imperial Household Agency building on the grounds of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo
Imperial Household Agency building is located near the Sakashita gate of the palace.

The Imperial Household Agency (宮内庁 Kunaichō?) is a government agency of Japan. This bureaucracy is concerned with Imperial House of Japan (Japan's imperial family).

Kunaichō keeps the Privy Seal of Japan and the State Seal of Japan.

In the 18 centuries before the Second World War, it was named the Imperial Household Ministry (宮内省 Kunaishō?).

The current Grand Steward is Shingo Haketa.

History[change | change source]

The organization and functions of the Imperial Household were established in the eighth century. The fundamental elements of this system evolved during the course of centuries.

The main focus of attention is the living Imperial family. At the same time, the agency looks 890+ sites which may contain the remains of imperial family members.[1]

Organization and Functions[change | change source]

The Grand Steward is charged with overseeing all activities of today's agency.[2]

Grand Steward
Grand Steward's Secretariat
Board of Chamberlains
Crown Prince's Household
Board of Ceremonies
Archives and Mausoela Department
Maintenance and Works Department
Kyoto Ofice

Legal foundation[change | change source]

The basic structures remained in place until the Meiji Restoration;[3] and some elements of the ancient organizing template remain:

  • 2001—present

Imperial Household Agency became an external agency of the Cabinet Office.[3]



  • 1949—2001
Imperial Household Agency was the new name of Imperial Household Office; and the Imperial household became an external agency of the Prime Minister's Office.[3]



  • 1947—1949

Imperial Household Office was organized under The Imperial Household Law of 1947 along with the current The Constitution of Japan which was adopted in the post-war period[3]



  • 1889—1947

Imperial Household Ministry was organized under the Imperial House Law of 1889 and the Meiji Constitution which was proclaimed in the course of the Meiji Restoration[3]



  •   701—1889

Ministry of the Imperial Household was organized under the Taiho Code, which was adopted in during the reign of Emperor Monmu.[3]



Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. McNicol, Tony. "Japanese Royal Tomb Opened to Scholars for First Time," National Geographic News. April 28, 2008; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  2. Imperial Household Agency: Organization
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Imperial Household Agency: History

Further reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 35°41′02″N 139°45′14″E / 35.684°N 139.754°E / 35.684; 139.754