Indian Pariah dog

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Indian Pariah Dog, also known as the Indian Native Dog or South Asian Pye dog and Desi Dog is a landrace of dog native to the Indian subcontinent.

Names[change | change source]

Indian pye-dogs have been used as Guard dogs for centuries.

The namesake of this breed was given during the British Raj in India after the Pariah tribe of the Madras Presidency.[1] From the Anglo-Indian word pye or paë and Hindi pāhī meaning 'outsider', the Indian pariah dog is sometimes referred to as the pye-dog (also spelt pie or pi) and the Indian native dog.[2] It is popularly known as Desi Kutta or Desi Dog (which derives from the Urdu word desi, meaning native), as well as the Indi-dog or In-dog (in various spellings).[3] It was referred to in the works of Rudyard Kipling as the "yellow pariah dog".[4]

History[change | change source]

A pet Indian pariah dog in Raigarh.

The pariah dog of India is an ancient autochthonous landrace that is found all over India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and even beyond South Asia.[5][6] A pariah-like dog skull was discovered in the ancient Indian site of Mohenjo-daro and prehistoric rock art depicting a dog of similar type has been found in the Bhimbetka rock shelters.[3] It was featured on National Geographic Channel's film, Search for the First Dog along with the other ancient types such as the Canaan Dog of Israel and the Australian dingo.[3]

Indian Pariah dogs make for loving family pets and are great with kids and adults. They are high on energy and complement kids with an active lifestyle. Indian pariah dogs are one of the oldest dog breeds in existence today. Archaeological findings indicate that this dog was in existence some 4500 years ago. Excavations in the Mohenjo-Daro site found in the Sindh region of Pakistan (Indus Valley civilisation) revealed an Indian Pariah dog skull dating to 2500 BCE. Also, there are various cave paintings across the Indian subcontinent that hints at pariah dogs to be one of the oldest dog breeds in the world.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. Chakrabarti, Pratik (June 2010). "Beasts of Burden: Animals and Laboratory Research in Colonial India". History of Science. 48 (2): 125–151. Bibcode:2010HisSc..48..125C. doi:10.1177/007327531004800201. PMC 2997667. PMID 20582325.
  2. Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Choudhury-Mahajan, Lina (12 July 2011). "Paws for thought". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  4. Kipling, Rudyard. (1894) The Jungle Book.
  5. Vellampalli, Jaya (13 January 2018). "Why the Indian Pariah is a perfect pet". Telangana Today. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  6. Pathak, Arun (1995). Handicrafts in the Indus Valley Civilization. Janaki Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-85078-87-8.
  7. "Indian Pariah Dogs". 9 April 2020.