Indre-et-Loire

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Indre-et-Loire
Department
Prefecture of the Indre-et-Loire department
Prefecture building of the Indre-et-Loire department, in Tours
Flag of Indre-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Indre-et-Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Indre-et-Loire in France
Location of Indre-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 47°15′N 0°40′E / 47.25°N 0.667°E / 47.25; 0.667Coordinates: 47°15′N 0°40′E / 47.25°N 0.667°E / 47.25; 0.667
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Tours
Subprefectures Chinon, Loches
Government[1]
 • President of the Departmental Council Jean-Gérard Paumier
Area[2]
 • Total 6,126.7 km2 (2,365.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 600,252
 • Density 97.9731/km2 (253.7493/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-37
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 277
Website Indre-et-Loire Council

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre and the Loire rivers.

Its prefecture is the city of Tours.

History[change | change source]

Indre-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Tours as is capital. It was formed with part of the former province of Touraine.[3]

It was divided in seven districts: Tours, Amboise, Château-Renault, Loches, Chinon, Preuilly and Langeais.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into three arrondissements: Chinon, Loches and Tours.[3]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Prussian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Loches was eliminated but in 1943 Loches was made again an arrondissement.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Indre-et-Loire is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,126.7 km2 (2,366 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by 5 departments that are part of three regions:

The highest point of the department is Signal de la Ronde (47°16′40″N 01°14′34″E / 47.27778°N 1.24278°E / 47.27778; 1.24278 (Signal de la Ronde)) with an altitude of 186 m (610 ft) high.[4]; it is in the commune of Céré-la-Ronde in the northeast of the department on the border with the Loir-et-Cher department.

The Loire river flows through the department and divides in two parts. The Indre, Cher and Vienne rivers join the Loire river in the Indre-et-Loire department.

Climate[change | change source]

This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Tours is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Tours is 696 mm (27.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).

The average temperature for the year in Toulon is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.8 °C (67.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.7 °C (40.5 °F).

Climate data for Tours, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.2
(41.4)
8.1
(46.6)
10.4
(50.7)
14.2
(57.6)
17.5
(63.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
7.8
(46)
5
(41)
11.79
(53.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
8.5
(47.3)
12.3
(54.1)
15.2
(59.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.8
(71.2)
16.8
(62.2)
10.9
(51.6)
7.5
(45.5)
16.09
(60.97)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
1.9
(35.4)
3.9
(39)
5.6
(42.1)
9.2
(48.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14
(57)
13.7
(56.7)
11.1
(52)
8.6
(47.5)
4.6
(40.3)
2.5
(36.5)
7.4
(45.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 66.2
(2.606)
55.8
(2.197)
50.3
(1.98)
55.8
(2.197)
62.3
(2.453)
46.1
(1.815)
53.2
(2.094)
42.5
(1.673)
53.2
(2.094)
70.9
(2.791)
68
(2.68)
71.3
(2.807)
695.6
(27.386)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Indre-et-Loire is managed by the General Council of Ardennes in Tours. The department is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 277 communes (municipalities) in Indre-et-Loire.

Arrondissements of Indre-et-Loire
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area[6]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
371 Chinon Chinon 86,706 1,694.2 51.2 87
372 Tours Tours 462,714 2,629.2 176.0 123
373 Loches Loches 50,832 1,803.4 28.2 67

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Indre-et-Loire department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Amboise
  2. Ballan-Miré
  3. Bléré
  4. Château-Renault
  5. Chinon
  6. Descartes
  7. Joué-lès-Tours
  8. Langeais
  9. Loches
  10. Montlouis-sur-Loire
  11. Monts
  12. Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire
  13. Sainte-Maure-de-Touraine
  14. Saint-Pierre-des-Corps
  15. Tours-1
  16. Tours-2
  17. Tours-3
  18. Tours-4
  19. Vouvray

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of the Indre-et-Loire department are known, in French, as Tourangeaux (women: Tourangelles),[8]

Indre-et-Loire had a population, in 2013, of 600,252,[2] for a population density of 98.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tours, with 462,714 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Indre-et-Loire

The communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Tours 134,803 Tours
Joué-lès-Tours 37,703 Tours
Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire 16,239 Tours
Saint-Pierre-des-Corps 15,404 Tours
Saint-Avertin 14,893 Tours
Amboise 13,246 Tours
Chambray-lès-Tours 10,881 Tours
Montlouis-sur-Loire 10,787 Tours
Fondettes 10,193 Tours
La Riche 10,276 Tours

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le fonctionnement de l'institution" (in French). Conseil Départemental d'Indre & Loire. http://www.departement-touraine.fr/competences/institution/le-fonctionnement/. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département d’Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-37. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique d'Indre-et-Loire" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/37his.html. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  4. "Signal de la Ronde, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9679. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  5. "Tours, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=126541&cityname=Tours%2C+Centre%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Département d’Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-37+ARR-372. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-179 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation de cantons dans le département d'Indre-et-Loire" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637288. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  8. "Habitants du départment: Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/indre-et-loire-37. Retrieved 1 December 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]