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An injunction is a court order that either commands or prevents a party from doing a specific act.[1]

US law[change | change source]

Injunctions can be temporary or permanent. A restraining order and a preliminary injunction are examples of temporary injunctions.[2] Either may be issued early in a lawsuit to prevent either party from doing anything that might unfairly influence the outcome of the litigation. A permanent injunction is usually issued after a case is settled. It enforces the final decision of the court.

Australian apprehended violence orders[change | change source]

In the state of New South Wales, an apprehended violence order (AVO) may be issued against a person from whom another person fears violence.[3] They can be issued to prevent physical abuse, harassment or stalking. Any person who violates an AVO may be charged with a criminal offence.[3]

UK injunctions and super-injunctions[change | change source]

While the United Kingdom has injunctions much the same as other countries they also have super-injunctions. This is an injunction (sometimes called a gag-order) that prevents journalists from writing anything about a court case.[4] It also prevents them from reporting that the injunction itself has been issued.[4] If any injunction in the UK prevents details of the order from being known it is also called a super-injunction.

Anti-suit injunctions[change | change source]

In common law countries anti-suit injunctions are court orders used to prevent a court or tribunal from assuming jurisdiction or taking over an ongoing lawsuit.[5] An anti-suit injunction may also be used to prevent a party from filing a second lawsuit in another jurisdiction at the same time as the first case.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]