In 1994, Japan launched its first large rocket built solely with its own technology. According to Shigebumi Saito, former head of Japan's Space Activities Commission, "If we have no vehicle, it is like a navy without ships," 
ISAS was merged with two other space agencies in 2003 when JAXA was established.
↑The English name Institute of Space and Astronautical Science is still used. For a short time, the Japanese name was changed to 宇宙科学研究本部, (literally, Space Science Research Division). In 2010, the name was changed back to the previous Uchū kagaku kenkyūjo(宇宙科学研究所).
↑ 6.06.16.2Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōsumi" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 762.
↑Yoshida, Norimasa et al."Systemic Approach to Achieve Fine Pointing Requirement of Solar-B," in Automatic Control in Aerospace 2004 (ed., Alexander Nebylov), p. 101; excerpt, "The satellite is under development by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (ISAS/JAXA) and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ)."