Internal conflict in Myanmar
|Internal conflict in Myanmar|
| Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Military governments (1962–2011)
|Rebel groups[note 1]
KNU (since 1949)
|Commanders and leaders|
| Htin Kyaw
(President of Myanmar)
| Twan Mrat Naing
|492,000[note 2]|| 600–1,000
|Casualties and losses|
|130,000–250,000 total killed
The internal conflict in Myanmar (also known as Burma) refers to fighting between government soldiers and rebels in Myanmar, which started shortly after the country separated from the United Kingdom in 1948. The government of Myanmar has fought different rebel groups from different ethnic minorities. The cause of the conflict is the government's refusal to give minority groups such as the communists and the Karen people the amount of political representation that they want. Since the beginning of the fighting, hundreds of thousands of civilians in Myanmar have been killed and millions have become refugees.
Notes[change | change source]
- Only active and/or large rebel groups are shown.
- This number includes soldiers not actively fighting rebels. The armed forces also have an additional 72,000 reserve (backup) soldiers.
References[change | change source]
- Richard Michael Gibson (2011). The Secret Army: Chiang Kai-shek and the Drug Warlords of the Golden Triangle. John Wiley and Sons. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-470-83018-5.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies; Hackett, James (ed.) (2010). The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge, pp. 420-421. ISBN 1-85743-557-5.
- Heppner & Becker, 2002: 18–19
- "ABSDF". Myanmar Peace Monitor.
- "'I Want to Stress That We Are Not the Enemy'". Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "DKBA-5". Myanmar Peace Monitor.
- AP, 4 May 2012, Myanmar state media report battles between government troops, Kachin rebels killed 31
- "NMSP". Myanmar Peace Monitor.
- "47 Govt Troops Killed, Tens of Thousands Flee Heavy Fighting in Shan State". irrawaddy.org.
- Burma center for Ethnic Studies, Jan. 2012, "Briefing Paper No. 1" http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/BCES-BP-01-ceasefires(en).pdf
- "TNLA". Myanmar Peace Monitor.
- Johnson, Tim (29 August 2009). China Urges Burma to Bridle Ethnic Militia Uprising at Border. The Washington Post.
- Davis, Anthony. "Wa army fielding new Chinese artillery, ATGMs". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "Armed ethnic groups". Myanmar Peace Monitor.
- Pavković, 2011: 476
- Bertil Lintner (1999). Burma in revolt: opium and insurgency since 1948. Bangkok: Silkworm Press. ISBN 978-974-7100-78-5.
- Myanmar: Armed forces. Encyclopedia of the Nations.
- Modern Conflicts - Death Tolls .pdf
- "De re militari: muertos en Guerras, Dictaduras y Genocidios". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- Janie Hampton (2012). Internally Displaced People: A Global Survey. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-54705-8.