Iraqi Kurdistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Iraqi Kurdistan
(Kurdistan Region)


ھەرێمی کوردستان (Kurdish)
Herêmî Kurdistan
Coat of arms of Iraqi Kurdistan
Coat of arms
Anthem: Ey Reqîb
Oh Enemy
Location of Iraqi Kurdistan
Capital
and largest city
Hewlêr (Erbil / Arbil)
Recognised regional languages Neo-Aramaic
Official languages[1]
Demonym Iraqi
Government Parliamentary democracy
Massoud Barzani
Nechirvan Barzani
Autonomous region
• Accord signed
March 11, 1970
• De facto autonomy
October, 1991
• Regional government established
July 4, 1992
January 30, 2005
Area
• Total
40,643 km2 (15,692 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 estimate
5,500,000-6,500,000
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$23.6 bn[2]
• Per capita
$4,452[2]
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zone UTC+3
Drives on the right
Calling code +964
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:|]]
Internet TLD .iq

Iraqi Kurdistan also known as Kurdistan Region (Kurdish: هەرێمى كوردستان, Herêma Kurdistan, Arabic: إقليم كردستان العراق) is the autonomous region of Iraq. Its capital is Erbil and it's called Hewlêr in Kurdish.

The area is 80,000 km² and 5,500,000 people live there.

Geography[change | change source]

The numbers show Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan is a huge mountain range, where the highest point is 3.611 meters, known as Cheekha Dar. The biggest lake is Dukan.

Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into 6 provinces.

  • 3 of the provinces that are under control of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

1.As Sulaymaniyah (Silemanî)

2.Arbil (Hewlêr)

3.Dahuk (Duhok)

  • The provinces that are a part of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

4.Diyala

5.Kirkuk

6.Ninawa

Demographics[change | change source]

The population in Iraqi Kurdistan is about 5-6 million. Most of these people are Sunni Muslims. There are also many Yazidis, Kakeyís and Christians. Kurds make the ethnic majority in the region while the Turkmen, Aramean, Assyrians, Armenians and Arabs make up the rest of the western part of the area.

References[change | change source]

  1. Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Investment Factsheet Kurdistan Region–Iraq" (PDF). iraq-jccme.jp. 2012-10. Retrieved 2014-04-18.  Check date values in: |date= (help)