Iraqi Kurdistan

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Iraqi Kurdistan
(Kurdistan Region)

ھەرێمی کوردستان (Kurdish)
Herêmî Kurdistan
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Ey Reqîb
Oh Enemy
and largest city
Hewlêr (Erbil / Arbil)
36°11′N 44°00′E / 36.183°N 44°E / 36.183; 44
Official languages[1]
Demonym Iraqi
Government Parliamentary democracy
 -  President Massoud Barzani
 -  Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani
Autonomous region
 -  Accord signed March 11, 1970 
 -  De facto autonomy October, 1991 
 -  Regional government established July 4, 1992 
 -  In transitional constitution January 30, 2005 
 -  Total 40,643 km2
15,692 sq mi
 -  2013 estimate 5,500,000-6,500,000
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $23.6 bn[2]
 -  Per capita $4,452[2]
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zone UTC+3
Drives on the right
Calling code +964
Internet TLD .iq

Iraqi Kurdistan also known as Kurdistan Region (Kurdish: هەرێمى كوردستان, Herêma Kurdistan, Arabic: إقليم كردستان العراق) is a partial self-governing region north of Iraq, south of Turkey east of Iran and west of Syria. Its capital is Arbil and it's called Hewlêr in Kurdish.

The area is 80,000 km² and 5,500,000 people live there.

Geography[change | change source]

The numbers show Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan is a huge mountain range, where the highest point is 3.611 meters, known as Cheekha Dar. The biggest lake is Dukan.

Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into 6 provinces.

  • 3 of the provinces that are under control of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

1.As Sulaymaniyah (Silemanî)

2.Arbil (Hewlêr)

3.Dahuk (Duhok)

  • The provinces that are a part of Iraqi Kurdistan are:




Demographics[change | change source]

The population in Iraqi Kurdistan is about 5-6 million. Most of these people are Sunni Muslims. There are also many Yazidis, Kakeyís and Christians. Kurds make the ethnic majority in the region while the Turkmen, Aramean, Assyrians, Armenians and Arabs make up the rest of the western part of the area.

References[change | change source]