Irina Ratushinskaya

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Irina Borisovna Ratushinskaya
Evstafiev-Irina Ratushinskaya.jpg
Irina Ratushinskaya. Photo by Mikhail Evstafiev
Native name
Ирина Борисовна Ратушинская
Born(1954-03-04)4 March 1954
Died5 July 2017(2017-07-05) (aged 63)
NationalityRussian
Citizenship Soviet Union (1954–1991),  Russian Federation (1991–present)
Alma materOdessa University
Occupationpoet, writer, screenwriter
Known forhuman rights activism
Movementdissident movement in the Soviet Union

Irina Borisovna Ratushinskaya (Russian: Ири́на Бори́совна Ратуши́нская, 4 March 1954, Odessa – 5 July 2017, Moscow) was a Russian dissident, poet and writer.[1]

On September 17, 1982, Ratushinskaya was arrested for anti-Soviet agitation.[2] In April 1983, she was convicted of "agitation carried on for the purpose of subverting or weakening the Soviet regime", sentenced to seven years in a labor camp followed by five years of internal exile.[3] She was released on October 9, 1986,[2] on the eve of the summit in Reykjavík, Iceland between President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.[1]

Ratushinskaya died on 5 July 2017 in Moscow of cancer at the age of 63.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Irina Ratushinskaya Papers, 1979–1997". Wheaton College Archives & Special Collections. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press (October 19, 1986). "Dissident poet Iryna Ratushynska unexpectedly released from prison".
  3. Zambrano, Mark (May 25, 1986). "Young Soviet Poet May Be Dying in Gulag, Emigres Report". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  4. Bourdeaux, Michael (9 July 2017). "Irina Ratushinskaya obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2017.