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Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001)

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Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
د افغانستان اسلامي امارت
Da Afġānistān Islāmī Amārāt
Flag of the Taliban
Motto: lā ʾilāha ʾillà l-Lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l-Lāh
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله (Arabic)
"There is no god but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah."
Anthem: None
Location of Afghanistan
StatusPartially recognized state
Unrecognized state (2021–present)
and largest city
Official languages
Sunni Islam
GovernmentUnitary Islamic theocracy administered by shura councils[1]
Amir al-Mu'minin (Commander of the Faithful) 
• 1996–2001 (became defacto government after 2021)
Mohammed Omar
• 2016–present
Hibatullah Akhundzada
Vice Emir 
• 2021–present
Abdul Ghani Baradar
Prime Minister 
• 1996–2001
Mohammad Rabbani
• 2001
Abdul Kabir (acting)
• Mohammad Omar proclaimed Commander of the Faithful
3 April 1996
27 September 1996[2]
• Name changed to "Emirate"
29 October 1997
7 October 2001
13 November 2001
17 December 2001
15 August 2021
2000587,578 km2 (226,865 sq mi)
• 2001
• 2021
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Islamic State of Afghanistan
Islamic State of Afghanistan

The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي امارت, Da Afġānistān Islāmī Amārāt) is an Islamic state governed by the Taliban that is the de facto current government of Afghanistan since 2021, and has also ruled the country from 1996 to 2001.

Between 1996 and 2001, it controlled approximately 90% of the country as an insurgency, whereas remaining regions in the northeast were held by the Northern Alliance, which maintained broad international recognition as a continuation of the Islamic State of Afghanistan. After the September 11 attacks and subsequent declaration of a "War on Terrorism" by the United States, international opposition to the regime drastically increased, with diplomatic recognition from the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan being rescinded.

The Islamic Emirate was overthrown by the Northern Alliance on 17 December 2001, which had been bolstered by the ISAF coalition established after a U.S.-led invasion of the country two months prior. The Taliban has continued to refer to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in official communications from 2001 until 2021.

During the 2021 Taliban offensive, the Islamic Emirate regained effective control of the governance of Afghanistan following the Fall of Kabul on 15 August 2021.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gunaratna, Rohan; Woodall, Douglas (2015). Afghanistan After the Western Drawdown. p. 117.
  2. Marcin, Gary (1998). "The Taliban". King's College. Retrieved 26 September 2011.