Italian Social Republic

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Italian Social Republic

Repubblica Sociale Italiana
1943–1945
Flag of Italy
War Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: Giovinezza[1]
"Youth"
From the Gustav Line to the Gothic Line
From the Gustav Line to the Gothic Line
StatusPuppet state of Nazi Germany[2]
CapitalSalò (de facto)
Rome (claimed)
Common languagesItalian
GovernmentVarious
Duce 
• 1943–1945
Benito Mussolini
Plenipotentiary 
• 1943–1945
Rudolf Rahn
Historical eraWorld War II
September 12, 1943
September 23 1943
April 25 1945
CurrencyRepublican Lira (de jure)
Italian lira (de facto)
ISO 3166 codeIT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Italian social republic map.png

The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a provisional government sponsored by and allied with Nazi Germany.[2] It was led by Benito Mussolini and his Republican Fascist Party. In name, it controlled northern Italy but, in fact, the land was under German military control. The country had another informal name, Salò Republic (Italian: Repubblica di Salò), after where their headquarters was located. Before 25 November 1943, the official name of the country was widely called Republican State of Italy and Republican National State (Italian: Stato Nazionale Repubblicano).[3] It was the second and last Fascist Italian state.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Italy 1922-1943". nationalanthems.info.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pauley, Bruce F. (2003), Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century Italy (2nd ed.), Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, p. 228, ISBN 088295993X.
  3. Palla, M. (2000) Mussolini and fascism, p. 137. ISBN 1566563402

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Repubblica Sociale Italiana at Wikimedia Commons