Italian Social Republic
|Italian Social Republic
Repubblica Sociale Italiana
|Puppet state of Nazi Germany|
|Gustav Line to the Gothic Line|
|Capital||Salò (de facto)
|- 1943–1945||Benito Mussolini|
|- 1943–1945||Rudolf Rahn|
|Historical era||World War II|
|- Gran Sasso raid||September 12, 1943|
|- Mussolini's Restoration||September 23, 1943|
|- Partisan Uprising||April 25, 1945|
|Currency||Republican Lira (de jure)
Italian lira (de facto)
The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a provisional government sponsored by and allied with Nazi Germany. It was led by Benito Mussolini and his Republican Fascist Party. In name, it controlled northern Italy but, in fact, the land was under German military control. The country had another informal name, Salò Republic (Italian: Repubblica di Salò), after where their headquarters was located. Before 25 November 1943, the official name of the country was widely called Republican State of Italy and Republican National State (Italian: Stato Nazionale Repubblicano). It was the second and last Fascist Italian state.
References[change | change source]
- Pauley, Bruce F. (2003), Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century Italy (2nd ed.), Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, p. 228, ISBN 088295993X.
- "Italy 1922-1943". nationalanthems.info. http://www.nationalanthems.info/it-gio.htm.
- Palla, M. (2000) Mussolini and fascism, p. 137. ISBN 1566563402