Jacob Hornberger

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Jacob Hornberger
Jacob Hornberger by Gage Skidmore (cropped) (2).jpg
Born (1950-01-01) January 1, 1950 (age 70)
NationalityAmerican
EducationVirginia Military Institute

University of Texas

United States Army Infantry School
OccupationAuthor

Activist

Trial Attorney
OrganizationFuture of Freedom Foundation
Political partyLibertarian Party
Independent (2002)
Websitehttps://jacobforliberty.com/

Jacob G. Hornberger (born January 1, 1950) is an American attorney, author, and politician. He is the founder and president of the Future of Freedom Foundation.[1] He was a candidate for the Libertarian Party's presidential nomination in 2000, as well as a candidate for the United States Senate election in Virginia in 2002. He was born in Laredo, Texas.

In April 2019, Hornberger was seen as a possible 2020 candidate for the Libertarian nomination.[2] On October 23, 2019, he filed to run for the Libertarian Party 2020 presidential primary.[3][4]

Though Hornberger won the most primaries and received the most votes, Jo Jorgensen was chosen as the party's presidential nominee on the night of May 23, 2020, after four rounds of voting.[5]

Early Life[change | change source]

Jacob grew up on a farm on the Rio Grande near Laredo, Texas, which at the time was the poorest city in the United States.[6] His father was German-American and his mother was Mexican-American.[7]

Education[change | change source]

Jacob Hornberger received a bachelor's degree in economics from the Virginia Military Institute, and a law degree from the University of Texas. [1]

Professional Career[change | change source]

Jacob Hornberger was an attorney in the state of Texas for twelve years.[1] Hornberger was an adjunct professor at the University of Dallas, teaching economics and law. [1] Hornberger stopped practicing law in 1987 to become the director of programs for the Foundation for Economic Education. [1] Since then, he has been an advocate for free markets and founded the Future of Freedom Foundation.[1]

2000 Presidential Campaign[change | change source]

In early 1999, Hornberger formed an exploratory committee to seek the Libertarian nomination for president in 2000. [8] Two months later, Hornberger withdrew from the race. Harry Browne, who had been the 1996 Libertarian nominee for president, was running for the nomination in 2000 and was considered the frontrunner. Hornberger began publishing essays criticizing Browne for not being committed to libertarian principles, alleging that Browne was running a "Republican-lite" campaign. [9] [10] [11]

Then, a week before the 2000 Libertarian National Convention, Hornberger rejoined the race for the presidential nomination. At the convention, Hornberger focused most of his messaging on the criticisms of Browne he had been publishing in the previous year. [12] Browne secured the nomination on the first ballot with 56.15% of the vote, while Hornberger finished in third place with 13.67% of the vote. [13]

2002 Senate Campaign[change | change source]

During the 2000 Libertarian presidential primary, Hornberger published an essay titled "Lord Acton Was Right: A Response to David Bergland: Part 3 (of 3)" [14]. In it, Hornberger accused then-candidate for chair of the Libertarian National Committee Jim Lark of silencing a presidential candidate, Don Gorman, during the Libertarian Party of Virginia's state convention. Hornberger also detailed a conversation he had overheard between Lark and Gorman that supported these accusations. Both Lark and Gorman, as well as others, denied this conversation happening. Hornberger acknowledged this two years later in an essay titled "Correction and Apology." [15]

Shortly after this essay was published, Hornberger announced his intent to run for senate in Virginia as a Libertarian. Lark, as well as other members of the Libertarian Party of Virginia, expressed opposition to Hornberger's candidacy, citing his false accusations against them from 2000. Hornberger requested that the Libertarian Party of Virginia assist his campaign in collecting ballot access signatures, but the party denied since Hornberger had not been formally nominated as the party's candidate yet. Hornberger then decided to instead run as an independent in the 2002 Virginia senate race. [16]

In the general election, Hornberger was one of three candidates who qualified for the ballot, alongside Republican incumbent John Warner and independent Nancy Spannaus, a Lyndon LaRouche movement activist; there was no Democrat challenger. [17][18] Hornberger finished in third place with 106,055 votes and 7.1% of the popular vote. [19]

2020 Presidential Campaign[change | change source]

In April 2019, Hornberger was seen as a possible 2020 candidate for the Libertarian nomination.[20] On October 29, 2019 Hornberger officially filed to run for president as a Libertarian[21] Shortly after he released a YouTube video announcing his candidacy.[22], expressing a view that the candidates in the race before him were insufficiently committed to abolishing Medicare.[23][24][25] Hornberger began his campaign by focusing on the North Carolina primary, declaring his intent to win the vote on March 3rd.[26] Hornberger was considered an early front runner for the Libertarian Party nomination.[27] Hornberger has conceded that him winning the presidency isn't "realistic" but hopes his campaign could "make the case for freedom" and "fight for a free society".[28]

Hornberger finished 5th in the New Hampshire primary, which was won by Vermin Supreme.[29] He later won the Iowa caucus.[30]

On "Super Tuesday" Hornberger received the most votes in all but one of the contests (finishing behind "Uncommited" in North Carolina) solidifying his status as the front-runner.[31]


On November 8, 2019, Hornberger was endorsed by historian and author Tom Woods [en].[32][33] On November 11, 2019 radio host and anti-war activist Scott Horton also endorsed Hornberger, followed by Comedian and podcaster Dave Smith.[34][35] Jake Porter, nominee for Governor of Iowa in 2018 endorsed Hornberger December 7, 2019.[36] Jake Porter is now Hornberger's campaign manager for his 2020 presidential campaign [37][38] Businessman and Chair of the Tulsa, OK chapter of the Libertarian Party of Oklahoma Todd Hagopian endorsed Hornberger on January 3, 2020.[39] The Liberty Herald endorsed Hornberger December 29, 2019.[40] The Libertarian Party Mises Caucus endorsed Hornberger January 7, 2020.[41]

2020 Primary[change | change source]

Hornberger did not appear on the New Hampshire Libertarian Party Primary ballot, though he received 9 votes, putting him in sixth place.[42]

On February 8, 2020, Hornberger won the Libertarian Party Iowa Caucus with 47.52% of the vote.[43]

On February 25, 2020, Hornberger won the Libertarian Party Minnesota Caucus with 38.5% of the vote.[44][source?]

On March 3, 2020, Hornberger won the Libertarian Party California Primary with 17.5% of the vote. [45]

Electoral history[change | change source]

United States Senate election in Virginia, 2002[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 1,229,894 82.58% +30.10%
Independent Nancy B. Spannaus 145,102 9.74%
Independent Jacob Hornberger 106,055 7.12%
Write-ins 8,371 0.56% +0.43%
Majority 1,084,792 72.83% +67.75%
Turnout 1,489,422
Republican hold Swing


Books[change | change source]

  • Hornberger, Jacob (2009). Economic Liberty and the Constitution. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  • Hornberger, Jacob (2014). The Kennedy Autopsy. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  • Hornberger, Jacob (2019). The Kennedy Autopsy 2. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  • Hornberger, Jacob (2015). Regime Change: The JFK Assassination. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  • Hornberger, Jacob (2016). The CIA, Terrorism, and the Cold War: The Evil of the National Security State. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  • Hornberger, Jacob (2019). My Passion for Liberty. Fairfax, Virginia: The Future of Freedom Foundation.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Hornberger, Jacob. "Jacob Hornberger Biography". The Future of Freedom Foundation. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  2. Dick, Adam (April 2, 2019). "Jacob Hornberger for President?". Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity.
  3. Hornberger, Jacob George (October 29, 2019). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  4. https://jacobforliberty.com/2019/10/notices/
  5. Winger, Richard (May 23, 2020). "Jo Jorgensen Wins Libertarian Presidential Nomination on Fourth Vote". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  6. "International Bridge Act of 1971". p. 39.
  7. Minto, William and Karen (January 31, 2001). "Full Context Interview with Jacob G. Hornberger". The Future of Freedom Foundation. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  8. "Hornberger Chronicles". www.harrybrowne.org. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  9. "Jacob G. Hornberger". web.archive.org. 2002-02-08. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  10. "Jacob G. Hornberger". web.archive.org. 2002-01-24. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  11. "Compromise and Concealment--The Road to Defeat, Part 3". The Future of Freedom Foundation. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  12. "Hornberger Chronicles". www.harrybrowne.org. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  13. "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  14. "Jacob G. Hornberger". web.archive.org. 2002-02-08. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  15. "Jacob G. Hornberger". web.archive.org. 2002-01-26. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  16. "OPINION:The "Malignant Dishonesty" of Jacob Hornberger, Then and Now". The Libertarian Republic. 2020-05-05. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  17. "U.S. Senate delegation from Virginia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  18. "The Free Lance-Star - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  19. Trandahl, Jeff (May 1, 2003). "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 5, 2002" (PDF).
  20. Dick, Adam (April 2, 2019). "Jacob Hornberger for President?". Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity.
  21. "HORNBERGER, JACOB GEORGE MR. - Candidate overview". FEC.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  22. Jacob Hornberger: 2020 Libertarian US Presidential Candidate Announcement, retrieved 2020-02-09
  23. Hornberger, Jacob George (October 29, 2019). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  24. "Upcoming JGH Events". Jacob Hornberger: Libertarian for President. October 29, 2019.
  25. Welch, Matt (November 7, 2019). "Candidates Vie to Represent the Libertarian wing of the Libertarian Party". Reason.
  26. Carolina Focus (December 11, 2019). "Jacob Hornberger, Libertarian Presidential Candididate". WBT Radio.
  27. Fitzpatrick, Edward (January 6, 2020). "Lincoln Chafee expected to announce another run for president, this time as a Libertarian". Boston Globe.
  28. Doan, Gary (February 4, 2020). "LP Presidential Candidate Jacob Hornberger on Socialism, Freedom and Reform vs. Repeal". The Libertarian Republic.
  29. Shields, Brian (January 14, 2020). "Results – 2020 Libertarian Presidential Preference Primary". Libertarian Party of New Hampshire. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
  30. McDaniel, Tiffany (February 10, 2020). "Low voter turnout at the Iowa Libertarian Party Caucus". The Oskaloosa Herald. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
  31. Welch, Matt (March 4, 2020). "Libertarian Super Tuesday: Big Night for Jacob Hornberger, NOTA; John McAfee drops out and endorses Vermin Supreme". Reason.
  32. "Ep. 1530 Principle or Bust: Jacob Hornberger on his LP Presidential Campaign". tomwoods.com. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  33. "Dave Smith, Scott Horton and I Have a Battle Plan". tomwoods.com. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  34. Scott. "11/11/19 Jacob Hornberger on His Campaign for President". The Scott Horton Show. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  35. Part of the Problem #518 – Jacob Hornberger, retrieved 2020-02-09
  36. Jake Porter [jakedporter] (2019-12-07). "I had a nice conversation with Jacob Hornberger a couple of days ago and I have decided to join his campaign and support him for the Libertarian Party Presidential nomination.pic.twitter.com/V8asm0GfM9" (Tweet). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  37. "Media". Jacob Hornberger – Libertarian for President. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  38. "Jake Porter (@jakedporter)". Twitter. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  39. toddhagopian (2020-01-03). "I would like to formally endorse Jacob Hornberger (@JacobforLiberty) for the Libertarian Presidential Nomination" (Tweet). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  40. Bentley, Robert J. (2019-12-29). "Jacob Hornberger is the Right Choice for The Libertarian Party and America". THE LIBERTY HERALD. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  41. Bentley, Robert J. (2020-01-07). "LP Mises Caucus Endorses Jacob Hornberger for the Libertarian Nomination for President". The Liberty Herald. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  42. "Results – 2020 Libertarian Presidential Preference Primary". Libertarian Party of New Hampshire. 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  43. Howe, Joseph (2020-02-09). "Libertarian Party of Iowa Presidential Caucus Winner and Results". Libertarian Party of Iowa. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  44. Galvan, Jill (2020-02-25). "Libertarian Party Results for Caucus Night 2020". Libertarian Party of Minnesota. Retrieved 2020-03-03.
  45. "2020 California Presidential Primary Election Results". Election Results. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  46. "2002 ELECTION STATISTICS".