Jacobite Succession

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The Stuarts who claimed the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland and France after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 were:

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James II & VII
6 February 1685–
16 September 1701[1]
King James II and VII.jpg 14 October 1633
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France[1]
Anne Hyde
3 September 1660
8 children

Mary of Modena
21 November 1673
7 children[1]

16 September 1701
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 67[1]
James Francis Edward Stuart
("James III & VIII")
("The Old Pretender")
16 September 1701–
1 January 1766
James 10 June 1688[2]
St. James's Palace
son of James II of England and Mary of Modena
Clementina Sobieski
3 September 1719
2 children
1 January 1766
Palazzo Muti
aged 77
Charles Edward Stuart
("Charles III")
("The Young Pretender")
("Bonnie Prince Charlie")
1 January 1766–
31 January 1788
Charles 31 December 1720[3]
Palazzo Muti
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
28 March 1772
no children
(2 illegitimate children)
31 January 1788
Palazzo Muti
aged 67
Henry Benedict Stuart
("Henry IX & I")
31 January 1788–
13 July 1807
Henry 11 March 1725[4]
Rome
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
never married 13 July 1807
Frascati
aged 82

When Henry died, the succession passed to a different house, and none of the Jacobite heirs since has claimed the thrones of England or Scotland or put the arms of England and Scotland in their coats-of-arms.

House of Savoy[change | change source]

Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia was a descendant of Charles I through his youngest daughter Henrietta Anne. Her daughter Anne Marie of Orléans married Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, and Charles IV was great-grandson of Queen Anne Marie in the male line.

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
("Charles IV")
13 July 1807–
6 October 1819
Charles Emmanuel IV 24 May 1751
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Marie Clotilde of France
1775
No children
6 October 1819
Rome
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
("Victor")
6 October 1819–
10 January 1824
Victor Emmanuel I 24 July 1759
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
21 April 1789
7 children
10 January 1824
Moncalieri
aged 65
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
("Mary III")[5]
10 January 1824–
15 September 1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792
daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
20 June 1812
4 children
15 September 1840
aged 48

House of Austria-Este[change | change source]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Francis V, Duke of Modena
("Francis I")
15 September 1840–
20 November 1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819
Modena
son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Adelgunde of Bavaria
30 March 1842
1 child
20 November 1875
Vienna
aged 56
Maria Theresia of Austria-Este
("Mary IV")[5]
20 November 1875–
3 February 1919
MariaTheresiaAustriaEste.jpg 2 July 1849
Brno
daughter of Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Elisabeth of Austria
Ludwig III of Bavaria
13 children
7 November 1918
Chiemgau
aged 69

House of Wittelsbach[change | change source]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
("Robert I & IV")
3 February 1919–
2 August 1955
Rupprecht von Bayern.jpg 18 May 1869
Munich
son of Maria Theresia of Austria-Este and Ludwig III of Bavaria
Marie Gabrielle of Bavaria
10 July 1900
Munich
4 children

Antonia of Luxembourg
7 April 1921
Lenggries
6 children
2 August 1955
Schloß Leutstetten
aged 86
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
("Albert")
2 August 1955–
8 July 1996
3 May 1905
Munich
son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Marie Gabrielle of Bavaria
Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
1930
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin
1971
No children
8 July 1996
Castle Berg
aged 91
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
("Francis II")
8 July 1996–
present
14 July 1933
Munich
son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
not married

Future descent after the Duke of Bavaria[change | change source]

The heir presumptive of Franz, Duke of Bavaria, is his younger brother

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10136". Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  2. "Stuart, James Francis Edward, Duke of Cornwall". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
  3. "Stuart, Charles Edward Louis Casimer, Prince of Wales". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
  4. "Stuart, Henry Benedict Thomas Maria, Duke of York". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Mary III & II and Mary IV & III were numbered like that because some Jacobites ignore Elizabeth I of England as illegitimate, and therefore say Mary, Queen of Scots, was the next queen of England after the death of Mary I