Jair Bolsonaro

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Jair Bolsonaro
2021-06-02 Pronunciamento do Presidente da República, Jair Bolsonaro - 51220970456 (cropped).jpg
Bolsonaro in June 2021
38th President of Brazil
Assumed office
1 January 2019
Vice PresidentHamilton Mourão
Preceded byMichel Temer
President of the Alliance for Brazil
Assumed office
21 November 2019
Vice PresidentFlávio Bolsonaro
General SecretaryAdmar Gonzaga
Preceded byPosition established
Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro
In office
1 February 1991 – 1 January 2019
City Councillor of Rio de Janeiro
In office
1 January 1989 – 1 February 1991
Personal details
Born
Jair Messias Bolsonaro

(1955-03-21) 21 March 1955 (age 66)
Glicério, São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyIndependent (2019–present)[a]
Other political
affiliations
See list
Spouse(s)
  • Rogéria Nantes Braga
    (m. 1978; div. 1997)
  • Ana Cristina Valle
    (m. 1997; div. 2007)
Children
Residence
EducationAgulhas Negras Military Academy
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance Brazil
Branch/serviceBrazil Brazilian Army
Years of service1973–1988
RankBarzil-Army-OF-2 (horizontal).svg Captain
Commands21st Field Artillery Group
9th Field Artillery Group
8th Parachutist Field Artillery Group

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (born March 21, 1955) is a Brazilian politician. He is the 38th and current President of Brazil since 2019.[2] He was a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1991 until he became president in 2019. He was also a member of the Social Liberal Party (PSL) until he formed his own party, Alliance for Brazil, in November 2019. He is known for his far-right and populist political views.[3][4][5][6]

2018 election[change | change source]

Bolsonaro was the PSL's presidential candidate in the 2018 Brazilian presidential election.[6] He came in first place in the first round of the general election on 7 October 2018, with PT candidate Fernando Haddad coming in second place. The two candidates faced again on 28 October with Bolsonaro winning the election.[7]

Assassination attempt[change | change source]

On September 6, 2018, Bolsonaro was stabbed multiple times while at a campaign rally in Juiz de Fora.[8] Parts of Bolsonaro's liver, lung and intestine were damaged.[9] He was hospitalized under "extremely stable" condition and released almost a month later on September 29.[10]

Controversy[change | change source]

Bolsonaro was a open supporter of the military regime in Brazil in 1964. During the impeachment voting session of former President Dilma Rousseff, in his speech, Bolsonaro honored Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, a widely known military colonel in Brazil by have been a torturer of militants and protesters in the Brazilian military dictatorship period. [11][12]

In a television interview in the 1990s for the popular magazine Veja, he also made controversial declarations about the Pinochet's military dictatorship in Chile, praising the Chilean dictator and stating that "the regime should have acted more violently to restore the country.". [13]

Bolsonaro is also notorious for his public speeches, which are perceived as being intolerant. He already spoke against minorities in certain occasions, particularly the LGBT (gay) community. In an interview for the documentary Out There, made by British actor and comedian Stephen Fry, which deals with the rise of homophobia in the world, and aired on the BBC in 2013, the then congressman stated: "No father is proud to have a gay son... We, Brazilians, don't like homosexuals. Not to like isn't the same as to hate.", he added. In a comment about what he heard, Fry said: "Bolsonaro is the typical homophobic that I found around the world, with his mantra that gays want to dominate society, recruit children or abuse them. Even in a progressive country like Brazil, its lies create hysteria among the ignorant, from where violence can arise." [14]

As president, Bolsonaro has downplayed the deadliness of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. He said that the virus is no more deadly than the common flu. On 7 July 2020, Bolsonaro revealed that he had tested positive for COVID-19.[15]

Since 2019, Bolsonaro has faced four separate accusations for crimes against humanity. He is under investigation before the International Criminal Court in The Hague for crimes against humanity, genocide of indigenous peoples and ecocide.[16]

Political views[change | change source]

An ardent anti-communist, Bolsonaro's positions are often viewed as conservative, populist, nationalist, and are commonly associated with far-right politics,[17] he, however, denies those statements, saying he's aligned with traditional moderate right-wing ideals.[18] He has described himself as being a pro-life, pro-gun and anti-establishment politician.[19][20]

Bolsonaro is a strong opponent of left-wing policies, most notably same-sex marriage, secularism, drug legalization, abortion and environmental preservation.[21] Regarding economic matters, he has advocated for liberal and free-market policies.[22]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. ALIANÇA (2019–present): Party registration pending approval by the Superior Electoral Court.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bolsonaro anuncia saída do PSL e criação do Aliança pelo Brasil" (in Portuguese). R7. 12 November 2019. Archived from the original on 12 November 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  2. "Right-wing nationalist Jair Bolsonaro sworn in as president of Brazil". Sky News. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  3. Conversations/Jair Bolsonaro; A Soldier Turned Politician Wants To Give Brazil Back to Army Rule
  4. "Brazil's Trump? A congressman with presidential ambitions is being compared to Donald Trump. Can he win?". USnews.com. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  5. "O inquietante 'fenômeno Bolsonaro'". brasil.elpais.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Brazil's congress starts to reform itself". The Economist. 14 October 2017.
  7. "Brazil's far-right candidate takes big lead in presidential election". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  8. Londoño, Ernesto (6 September 2018). "Brazil Presidential Candidate Jair Bolsonaro Is Stabbed at Campaign Rally". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  9. Flávio, Bolsonaro (6 September 2018). "Flávio Bolsonaro 177 Senador_RJ Verified account". Twitter. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  10. "Jair Bolsonaro é internado no Hospital Albert Einstein, em SP". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  11. "Brazil: tortured dissidents appalled by Bolsonaro's praise for dictatorship". TheGuardian. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  12. "Brazil's Bolsonaro extols convicted torturer as a 'national hero'". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  13. "As homenagens de Bolsonaro a Pinochet e por que o general ainda divide o Chile". BBCBrasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  14. "Há cinco anos, Stephen Fry encontrava Jair Bolsonaro". RevistaForum (in Portuguese). Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  15. "Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro tests positive for coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved 2020-07-07.
  16. "Action against Bolsonaro takes an unprecedented step at the International Criminal Court..." Morning Express. 15 July 2021. Archived from the original on 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  17. Boadle, Anthony (27 September 2017). "Far-right presidential hopeful aims to be Brazil's Trump". London, England. Reuters. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  18. Boadle, Anthony (27 September 2017). "Far-right presidential hopeful aims to be Brazil's Trump". London, England. Reuters. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  19. "Outspoken pro-life candidate leads in Brazil's presidential election race". Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  20. Phillips, Tom (2018-04-19). "Trump of the tropics: the 'dangerous' candidate leading Brazil's presidential race". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  21. Atkins, Ed (2018-10-29). "Jair Bolsonaro's Brazil Is a Disaster for the Amazon and Global Climate Change". Motherboard. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  22. "Bolsonaro diz que é liberal e adota discurso que agrada investidores". 1.folha.uol.com.br.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jair Bolsonaro at Wikimedia Commons