James H. Wilkinson

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James Wilkinson
James Hardy Wilkinson

(1919-09-27)27 September 1919
Strood, England
Died5 October 1986(1986-10-05) (aged 67)
Teddington, England
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Known for
  • Wilkinson matrix
  • Wilkinson's polynomial
Scientific career
FieldsNumerical analysis
Numerical linear algebra
InstitutionsNational Physical Laboratory[2]

James Hardy Wilkinson FRS[1] (27 September 1919 – 5 October 1986) was a British expert in the field of numerical analysis.[3] His name is used for the "James H. Wilkinson Prize in Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing" and "J. H. Wilkinson Prize for Numerical Software" given by the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Career[change | change source]

He transferred to the National Physical Laboratory[2] in 1946, where he worked with Alan Turing.[4] Later, Wilkinson's interests took him into numerical analysis, where he discovered many great algorithms.

Selected works[change | change source]

  • Wilkinson, James Hardy (1963). Rounding Errors in Algebraic Processes (1 ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc. ISBN 9780486679990. MR 0161456. (REAP)
  • Wilkinson, James Hardy (1965). The Algebraic Eigenvalue Problem. Monographs on Numerical Analysis (1 ed.). Oxford University Press / Clarendon Press. ISBN 0198534183. Retrieved 2016-02-11. (AEP)
  • with Christian Reinsch: Handbook for Automatic Computation, Volume II, Linear Algebra, Springer-Verlag, 1971.
  • The Perfidious Polynomial. In: Studies in Numerical Analysis, pp. 1–28, MAA Stud. Math., 24, Math. Assoc. America, Washington, DC, 1984.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Fox, L. (1987). "James Hardy Wilkinson 27 September 1919-5 October 1986". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 33: 670–708. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1987.0024.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wilkinson, J. H. (1961). "Error Analysis of Direct Methods of Matrix Inversion". Journal of the ACM. 8 (3): 281–330. doi:10.1145/321075.321076. hdl:10338.dmlcz/103862. S2CID 13076225.
  3. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "James H. Wilkinson", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  4. Wilkinson, James H. (1980). "Turing's Work at the National Physical Laboratory and the Construction of Pilot ACE, DEUCE and ACE". In Metropolis, Nicholas; Howlett, J.; Rota, Gian-Carlo (eds.). A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century. Academic Press. ISBN 0124916503.

Other websites[change | change source]