Jammu region

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Jammu Region
State division
Bagh-e-Bagh and Bagh Lake
Bagh-e-Bagh and Bagh Lake
Map of Jammu division within Indian Kashmir, disputed territory
Map of Jammu division within Indian Kashmir, disputed territory
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Districts Doda, Jammu, Kathua, Poonch, Rajouri, Udhampur
Headquarters Jammu
 • Total 26,293 km2 (10,152 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 6,907,622
 • Density 262.717/km2 (680.434/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Kashmiri, Koshur (in Kashmiri)
 • Official, Main spoken language Urdu Kashmiri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Jammu Region (Urdu:جمو) is one of the three regions comprising Kashmir's southernmost area of Indian-administered Kashmir. Jammu division borders Vale of Kashmir, the disputed part of the state, to the north, Ladakh region to the east, internationally by India's Himachal Pradesh to the south. Sandwiched between the Vale of Kashmir to the north and the Daman Koh Plains to the south, the Margalla hills range of the foothills of the Himalayas which comprises most of the disputed region in Jammu. The Pir Panjal Range, the Trikuta Hills and the low-lying Tawi River of the branch Chenab River basin adds beauty and diversity to the terrain of Jammu.

Jammu, winter capital of the maharajas and second largest city in the territory, was traditionally the seat of Dogra power. Of the total population of Jammu, more than two-thirds are classed as Kashmiri Hindus. Of these the greater number live in the southeastern portion of the Kashmir region. Culturally, ethnically, and linguistically, they are closely related to the Punjabi-speaking peoples in Punjab region of India and Pakistan. Many speak the Dogri language, a dialect of Pahari-Punjabi. The majority of the state’s Kashmiri Sikhs also live in the Jammu region. To the northwest, however, the proportion of Muslims increases, with Muslims making up a dominant majority in the area around the western town of Poonch District.

Demographics of Jammu Division[change | change source]

Religions in Jammu
Religion Percent

Jammu is the only region in Kashmir that has a Hindu majority population. About 64% of its Jammu's population practices Hinduism while 31% practices Islam. Although Islam and Sikhism enjoy a very strong cultural heritage with neighbouring Punjab (Pakistan) in the wider region. Most Hindus are either Dogras or people who migrated from Kotli, Mirpur, and the Kashmir Valley. The Sikhs are of Punjabi descent. Jammu's Kashmir is now well connected with the rest of India by rail, road and air, making it far better connected than the rest of the Kashmiri region through Gurdaspur District.