Javier Milei

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Javier Milei
Milei in 2023
58th President of Argentina
Assumed office
10 December 2023
Vice PresidentVictoria Villarruel
Preceded byAlberto Fernández
National Deputy
In office
10 December 2021 – 29 November 2023
ConstituencyCity of Buenos Aires
Personal details
Born (1970-10-22) 22 October 1970 (age 53)
Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyLibertarian
Other political
affiliations
Domestic partnerFátima Flórez (2023–present)
Alma mater
Occupation
  • Politician
  • economist
  • author
School or traditionAustrian School
Signature
Websitejaviermilei.com

Javier Gerardo Milei (born 22 October 1970) is an Argentine politician, businessman, and economist who is the 58th and current President of Argentina since 2023. He was also a member of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies (parliament) from 2021 to 2023. Milei is the first libertarian ever elected as a head of state in the world.[1][2][3]

Early life[change | change source]

Javier Gerardo Milei was born on 22 October 1970 in Palermo, Buenos Aires.[4][5]

For over 21 years, Milei has been a professor of macroeconomics, economics of growth, microeconomics, and mathematics for economists.[6]

Milei obtained an economics degree from the private University of Belgrano and two master's degrees from the Instituto de Desarrollo Económico y Social and the private Torcuato di Tella University.

Political views[change | change source]

Milei has strongly criticized the presidencies of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Mauricio Macri, and Alberto Fernández.[7] He is also critical of government economic policies that cause inflation and hurt the nation's economy.

In order to solve Argentina's high inflation rate, high unemployment rate and other economic problems, he wants to abolish the Central Bank of Argentina and abolish the Argentine peso and replace it with the U.S. dollar as the national currency.

Milei is a libertarian economist and has taught economics classes at the university. He got famous appearing on television shows, hosting a radio show and singing with a rock band.

In 2019, Milei appeared in a yellow-and-black costume as the character "General AnCap", saying he comes from Liberland, a libertarian country of seven square kilometers between Serbia and Croatia, where the government does not make you pay taxes and individual freedom is supported.[8]

He is a member of La Libertad Avanza (Liberty Advances) coalition in Argentina.[9]

In foreign policy, he gives more importance in having ties with US and Israel.[10] He also supports Ukraine against Russia during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[11]

Presidency[change | change source]

2023 campaign[change | change source]

Milei ran for president in Argentina's 2023 general election[12] with Victoria Villarruel as his running mate.[13] In August 2023, he was the most voted candidate in the primary elections which is considered a big upset.[14][15] Subsequently, he was elected president in the runoff election on November 19.[16]

Tenure[change | change source]

Milei took office as president on 10 December 2023.[17][18] One of his biggest challenges as president include triple-digit inflation at 200 percent, rising poverty, and unpopularity of his ideas to the public.[19]

Personal life[change | change source]

Milei is not married, and said that if elected president, he would have his sister take the role of First Lady.[20] In August 2023, he announced that he is dating actress Fátima Flórez.[21] He described himself as a sex instructor in 2020.[22]

Milei as Catholic.[23] However, he has been critical of the Catholic Church under Pope Francis, calling him a communist and "piece of shit".[24]

References[change | change source]

  1. Unsworth, David (19 November 2023). "Javier Milei crushes Argentine left, becomes world's first libertarian head of state". Fox News. Archived from the original on 20 November 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023.
  2. "Meet Javier Milei, Argentina's next president". NBC News. 21 November 2023. Archived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023. Who is Javier Milei, Argentina's president elect? The first libertarian head of state ever elected plans to reconstruct the country's government.
  3. Karnawski, Siergiej (20 November 2023). "The World's Hope of Freedom. Javier Milei Elected Argentinian President.The Libertarian Party of Russia Chair's Statement" (in Russian and English). Libertarian Party of Russia [ru; en]. Archived from the original on 20 November 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023. Today, Javier Milei has won the presidential election in Argentina, becoming history's first Libertarian President.
  4. "Javier Milei, il leader di estrema destra che ha vinto le primarie in Argentina". Il Post (in Italian). 14 August 2023. Archived from the original on 16 August 2023. Retrieved 23 August 2023.
  5. "The making of a president – Javier Milei's life before politics". Buenos Aires Times. 21 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  6. "Agesor". Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  7. "Radio: "Para el economista Javier Milei, la economía no sale si Macri no corta el Gasto público"". agrositio.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 6 August 2023. Retrieved 6 August 2023.
  8. Llorens, Francisco (21 October 2023). "Qué es Liberland, el extraño "país" que hace campaña por Milei". Cronista (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 November 2023.
  9. "Javier Milei: "Antes de subir los impuestos me corto un brazo"". IP Noticias (in Spanish). July 21, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  10. "Argentina's Far-right Presidential Candidate Studies Torah, Mulls Conversion to Judaism and Is an Avowed Fan of Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  11. "¡Insólita sesión! Milei llegó embanderado de Ucrania y otro diputado en monopatín | Crónica | Firme junto al pueblo". web.archive.org. 2022-03-07. Archived from the original on 2022-03-07. Retrieved 2023-11-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  12. Paladini, Eduardo (2022-04-11). "Javier Milei decidió que será candidato a presidente: qué tiene, cuánto mide y a quiénes quiere sumar". Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  13. "Javier Milei confirmó que Victoria Villarruel será su compañera de fórmula: "Trabajamos muy bien"" (in Spanish). Infobae. May 15, 2023. Retrieved May 16, 2023.
  14. "Who is Javier Milei, Argentina's far-right populist politician?". Al Jazeera.com. 14 August 2023. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  15. Misculin, Nicolás; Raszewski, Eliana; Grimberg, Candelaria (14 August 2023). "Argentine far-right outsider Javier Milei posts shock win in primary election". Reuters. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  16. Cite error: The named reference :0 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  17. "Argentina awaits election results, media say Milei is ahead | Reuters". Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 November 2023. Retrieved 19 November 2023.
  18. Phillips, Tom; Salomón, Josefina; Iglesia, Facundo (19 November 2023). "Argentina presidential election: far-right libertarian Javier Milei wins after rival concedes". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 19 November 2023. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  19. Kahn, Carrie; Martin, Michel (20 November 2023). "Radical libertarian populist Javier Milei was elected president of Argentina". NPR. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  20. Dadouch, Sarah (14 August 2023). "Who is Javier Milei, Argentina's right-wing presidential front-runner". The Washington Post. ISSN 2641-9599. Archived from the original on 1 September 2023. Retrieved 1 September 2023.
  21. "Romance entre Javier Milei y Fátima Flórez: la actriz y el político confirmaron la relación". Clarín (in Spanish). 21 August 2023. Archived from the original on 25 August 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  22. Gibbs, Stephen (17 August 2023). "Argentina's Trump, Javier Milei, takes surprise lead in race for power". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 15 August 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  23. Milei, Javier [@JMilei] (5 October 2017). "Disculpame. Yo soy católico. Y en mis valores la violencia y el robo está mal. Será un problema tuyo si avalás el robo y recorte de libertad" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 August 2023 – via Twitter.
  24. "Milei, el libertario que provoca a los cristianos". LetraP (in Spanish). 29 October 2021. Archived from the original on 27 August 2023. Retrieved 27 August 2023.

Other websites[change | change source]