Jean Fouquet

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Jean Fouquet, self-portrait (1450). The earliest portrait miniature, and possibly the earliest formal self-portrait.[1]

Jean (or Jehan) Fouquet (1420–1481) was an important French painter of the 15th century,[2] a master of both panel painting and manuscript illumination, and the apparent inventor of the portrait miniature. He was the first French artist to travel to Italy and experience first-hand the early Italian Renaissance.

References[change | change source]

  1. As opposed to the artist inserting a small portrait of himself into a much larger religious scene. A 1433 painting by Jan van Eyck (Portrait of a Man) is widely believed to be a self-portrait.
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica