Jimaní

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Jimaní
Municipality
Jimaní is located in Dominican Republic
Jimaní
Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°51′0″W / 18.49°N 71.85°W / 18.49; -71.85Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°51′0″W / 18.49°N 71.85°W / 18.49; -71.85
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Independencia
Municipal Districts 2
Founded 1504
Municipality since
1945
Area
 • Total 200.6 km2 (77.5 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 10,034
 • Density 50.020/km2 (129.55/sq mi)
 • Urban 10,026
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 160 km (99 mi) to Azua
280 km (170 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Jimaní is the head municipality of the Independencia province, on the southwestern part of the country. The city is near the border with Haiti, on the main road that goes from the Dominican Republic to Port-au-Prince, capital city of Haiti.

History[change | change source]

For most of its history, Jimaní was part of Neiba but in 1938 it was made part of La Descubierta and in 1943 was elevated to the category of municipal districts (a municipal district is an administrative part of a municipality) of La Descubierta, in the Baoruco province.

With the creation of the Independencia province in 1948, Jimaní was made the head municipality of that new province.[3]

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 10,034: 4,967 men and 5,067 women. The urban population was 99.9% of the total population.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

Jimaní is located in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley, in the southwest of the country, close to Haiti. The municipality has a total area of 200.6 km2 (77.5 sq mi). It has two municipal districts (subdivisions of a municipality): Boca de Cachón and El Limón.[2]

The city of Jimaní is at 160 km (99 mi) to the west of Azua and at 280 km (170 mi) to Santo Domingo. It is at an elevation of 31 m (102 ft) above sea level.[1]

It is between the two main lakes of the Hispaniola: Lake Enriquillo (Dominican Republic) and Étang Saumâtre (Haiti).

Jimaní has the municipality of La Descubierta, the Lake Enriquillo and the Baoruco province to the north, the Barahona province to the east, the Pedernales to the south and Haiti to the west.

Climate[change | change source]

Jimaní has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Köppen climate classification : Aw).[4]

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 728.9 mm (28.7 in). Most rains fall during the end of summer and in fall. The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 141.7 mm (5.6 in) of rainfall, followed by October with 122.8 mm (4.8 in).

The driest season is winter. The month with the least rainfall on average is January with an average of 18.3 mm (0.7 in) and the second is December with 18.6 mm (0.7 in).

Jimaní is in a very hot region; the average temperature for the year is 27.9 °C (82 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 29.6 °C (85.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 26 °C (78.80 °F).

Climate data for Jimaní (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(90)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
34.2
(93.6)
35.3
(95.5)
35.2
(95.4)
34.9
(94.8)
33.9
(93)
33
(91)
32.2
(90)
33.7
(92.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26.4
(79.5)
27.3
(81.1)
27.9
(82.2)
28.1
(82.6)
28.9
(84)
29.6
(85.3)
29.4
(84.9)
29.1
(84.4)
28.3
(82.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.2
(79.2)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20.4
(68.7)
21.1
(70)
22
(72)
22.7
(72.9)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73)
21.7
(71.1)
20.2
(68.4)
22.1
(71.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 18.3
(0.72)
23.4
(0.921)
41.2
(1.622)
86.9
(3.421)
141.7
(5.579)
45
(1.77)
23.6
(0.929)
61.3
(2.413)
94
(3.7)
122.8
(4.835)
52.1
(2.051)
18.6
(0.732)
728.9
(28.697)
Source #1: NOAA[5]
Source #2: Climatemps.com[4]

Administrative division[change | change source]

The municipality of Jimaní has two municipal districts:[6]

Municipal districts of Jimaní
Code Municipal district Population
(2010)
100102 El Limón 3,381
100103 Boca de Cachón 3,095

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity is commerce with Haiti. Farming is not well developed because the region is very dry and hot. Most people that lives here work for the government or in the commerce between the two countries.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. Pouerié Cordero, M.M (1997) (in Spanish). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Jimani Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. http://www.jimani.climatemps.com/. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  5. "Jimaní Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/TABLES/REG_IV/DR/78480.TXT. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  6. "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 27 October 2016.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este